D- 94-34: Import requirements for grapevine propagative material
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Effective Date: June 2, 2014
This directive contains the requirements governing the importation of grapevine propagative material from all countries.
On this page
- Amendment record
- Definitions, abbreviations and acronyms
- 1.0 General requirements
- 2.0 Specific requirements
- 3.0 Appendices
- Appendix 1: Countries and grapevine rootstocks and varieties/clones approved for import to Canada from countries other than the United States
- Appendix 2: Canadian-approved foreign grapevine nurseries (other than in the United States)
- Appendix 3: Regulated pests associated with grapevines imported to Canada
- Appendix 4: Treatment requirements for grapevines imported to Canada
- Appendix 5: Canadian-approved United States Vitis spp. certification programs
This directive will be updated as required. For further information or clarification, contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).
Chief Plant Health Officer
Amendments to this directive will be dated and distributed as outlined in the distribution below.
- Directive mail list (Regions, PHRA, USDA)
- Provincial government, industry (determined by Author)
- National industry organizations (determined by Author)
Canada regulates the importation of grapevines from all countries in order to mitigate the risk of entry and establishment of quarantine pests of grapevines. Canada and the United States (U.S.) have very similar import requirements for grapevine propagative material, therefore Canada allows the importation of grapevine propagative material that has been certified under a U.S. state certification program. Appendix 5 contains a list of CFIA approved U.S. Vitis certification programs.
Grapevines from sources other than the U.S. may be approved for entry into Canada on an individual evaluation basis. Currently, France and Germany are the only off-continent sources with CFIA approved nurseries certified to export certain grapevine rootstocks and varieties/clones for propagation to Canada.
This directive is to be used as a guide for Canadian importers, foreign exporters, shippers and brokers, CFIA inspectors, the Canada Border Services Agency and National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs).
- ISPM No. 4 (1996): Requirements for the establishment of pest free areas.
- D-01-06: Canadian phytosanitary policy for the notification of non-compliance and emergency action.
- D-08-04: Plant protection import requirements for plants and plant parts for planting.
- D-97-06: Plant protection export certification program for grapevine nursery stock, Vitis spp.
- D-95-09: Importation of dried plant material
This directive supersedes all previous versions of D-94-34, the Memorandum dated July 22, 1980, entitled "Policy relating to the importations of grapevine material into Canada", the Memorandum dated 15-12-1980 entitled "Treatment of rooted grapevine material from all sources into British Columbia", and any other pre-existing policy documents regarding the import of grapevines into Canada from all countries.
Definitions, abbreviations and acronyms
Definitions for terms used in the present document can be found in the Plant health glossary of terms.
1.0 General requirements
1.1 Legislative authority
The Plant Protection Act, S.C. 1990, c.22
The Plant Protection Regulations, SOR/95-212
Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice, Canada Gazette: Part I (as amended from time to time)
The CFIA is charging fees in accordance with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice. For information regarding fees associated with imported product, contact the National Import Service Centre (NISC). Anyone requiring other information regarding fees may contact any local CFIA office or visit our Fees notice web site.
1.3 Regulated pests associated with grapevines imported to Canada
The CFIA regulates grapevines for propagation for the presence of the pests listed in Appendix 3.
1.4 Regulated commodities
Vitis spp. plant material for propagation, other than seeds.
Appendix 1 lists the varieties/clones, rootstock and grafted grapevine plants that are permitted for importation from CFIA approved nurseries.
Appendix 2 lists the foreign grapevine nurseries that are approved under this program.
Appendix 5 lists the Canadian approved U.S. Vitis spp. certification programs.
Any previously non-approved grapevine rootstocks and varieties/clones that originate from any country other than the U.S. and that are produced by a non-approved nursery must be authorized by the CFIA prior to importation, even if the material originates from within a country or certification program for which other material has previously been approved by the CFIA. The new rootstocks and varieties/clones/nurseries may receive provisional approval only for the first 2 full years. During this period, importations of new grapevine rootstocks and varieties/clones will be sampled by the CFIA for laboratory testing (serology and molecular) and inoculation onto herbaceous and woody indicator plants to ensure they are free from quarantine pests. If testing does not reveal any concern, provisional status will be removed after 2 years and restrictions on movement or propagation will be removed.
Vitis spp. propagative material from any non-approved sources may only be imported into Canada under Section 43 of the Plant Protection Regulations for the purpose of being used for scientific research, or for educational, processing, industrial or exhibition purposes, on a case-by-case evaluation basis. Importations under Section 43 require a permit to import.
Regulated grapevines for propagation may be subject to other import requirements that are not specific to grapevines and that are contained in other CFIA policy documents. For example, grapevines for propagation are regulated as a host for light brown apple moth under D-07-03: Phytosanitary Import Requirements to Prevent the Entry of Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth).
Contact your local CFIA office for more information regarding other phytosanitary requirements for the importation of grapevines.
1.5 Commodities exempt
Grape seeds are admissible from all sources without additional conditions, provided that a Phytosanitary Certificate from the exporting country's NPPO accompanies the shipment.
Dried grapevines, not intended for propagation, are not subject to the requirements of this directive; they are regulated under D-95-09: Importation of Dried Plant Material.
1.6 Regulated areas
2.0 Specific requirements
2.1 Prohibited commodities
Vitis spp. propagative material (excluding seeds) originating from, or propagated within, Flavescence dorée (FD) Control areasFootnote 1 of France, or any other infested area of a country where the disease occurs.
Vitis spp. propagative material (excluding seeds) from non-approved sources and material that has not been tested.
2.2 Import requirements
All Vitis spp. material in the consignment must be free of quarantine and regulated non-quarantine pests of Canada (Section 1.3, Appendix 3). All Vitis spp. material that originates from any country, other than the U.S. must be free from soil, sand and related plant debris.
2.2.1 Permit to import
A permit to import issued by the CFIA is required to import grapevines for propagation into Canada.
2.2.2 Phytosanitary certificate
The NPPO of the exporting country must issue a Phytosanitary certificate for Vitis spp. consignments with the following additional declaration:
"The Vitis spp. material originated from a source approved by the CFIA."
The NPPO of the exporting country must ensure that the hot water treatment described in Part A of Appendix 4 has been applied against diseases caused by the phytoplasma organisms listed in Appendix 3 (if they are present in the exporting country).
In certain cases the permit to import may specifically authorize treatment against phytoplasma organisms to be performed in Canada at treatment facilities approved by the CFIA in accordance with the conditions on the permit to import.
The NPPO of the exporting country will document the treatment on the Phytosanitary certificate issued for the consignment.
188.8.131.52 Grapevines originating from the United States and destined to British Columbia
For grapevines originating from the U.S. and destined to B.C., the NPPO of the U.S. must ensure that 1 of the treatments described in sections A and B of Appendix 4 (the treatments are numbered from 1 to 7) have been applied to control phylloxera and virus vectoring nematodes that are not known to occur in B.C.
184.108.40.206 Grapevines originating from the United States and destined to other parts of Canada
Approved grapevine material originating from U.S. is not subject to the treatment requirements outlined in this directive when the material is not destined to B.C.
2.2.4 Other requirements
For grapevine nursery stock in association with soil, refer to D-95-26: Phytosanitary requirements for soil and soil-related matter, and for items contaminated with soil and soil-related matter.
See D-08-04: Plant protection import requirements for plants and plant parts for planting, for requirements related to soil-borne plant pests.
For countries other than the U.S.
Grapevine propagative material must originate from a CFIA approved exporting nursery. Only the grapevine rootstocks and varieties/clones listed in Appendix 1 that have been grown in 1 of the approved nurseries listed in Appendix 2 are eligible for phytosanitary certification to Canada.
The NPPO, or the NPPO approved certifying authority of the exporting country, will ensure that certification tags clearly indicating the source and its applicable certification code (in accordance with the official rules established by the certifying authority of the exporting country) are attached to each lot of grapevines exported to Canada.
Certificate of Origin
The certifying authority of the exporting country must provide Canada with separate certificates of origin for the mother blocksFootnote 2 of the imported rootstocks and varieties/clones for every shipment. The mother blocks of the exported varieties/clones and rootstock must originate from grapevines that have been fully tested, and found to be free of all regulated pests, by the approved certification body of the exporting country. Samples from these mother blocks must be submitted to the CFIA by the NPPO of the exporting country for complete testing at the CFIA Sidney Laboratory in Sidney, B.C.
2.3 Inspection requirements
Upon arrival at the first point of entry in Canada, all shipments are subject to inspection, including verification of documentation, by CFIA. CFIA inspectors may collect samples of the plants for testing to ensure that no quarantine pests to Canada are present.
If permits to import, Phytosanitary certificates or other required documents are not provided at time of entry to Canada, shipments will not be allowed entry and will be ordered removed from Canada.
During import inspection, if any pests or soil, sand, and related plant debris are found to be present, the shipment will be ordered removed from Canada pursuant to Section 8 of the Plant Protection Act or ordered disposed of pursuant to the Plant Protection Regulations. For non-compliance of other kinds, inspectors will detain the shipment and consult the CFIA before taking enforcement action. The CFIA will advise the NPPO of the country of origin of any non-compliance with any conditions outlined in this directive as per directive D-01-06: Canadian phytosanitary policy for notification of non-compliance and emergency action.
Appendix 1: Countries and grapevine rootstocks and varieties/clones approved for import to Canada from countries other than the United States
As of July 2021
Any grapevine rootstock or variety/clone produced under France's CFIA-accepted certification program may be imported from France. This material must be produced and exported from a facility listed in Appendix 2.
Only the following rootstocks and varieties/clones may be imported from Germany. This material must be produced and exported from a facility listed in Appendix 2.
|Material||Variety name||Clone number||Notes|
|Rootstock (Vitis spp.)||SO4||31|
|Varieties (Vitis vinifera)||3309||143||Can only be exported by Weis Reben|
Appendix 2: Canadian-approved foreign grapevine nurseries (other than in the United States)
As of February 2022
- Bouyer Alexandre
1464 Rte de Tourreau, 84260 Sarrians
- De Tourreau
858 Rte de Tourreau, 84260 Sarrians
- Earl Cartier Père et Fils
1023 Chemin de Saint Martin, 84200 Carpentras
- Earl La Gayere
556 Rte de Bedarrides, 84260 Sarrians
- Earl Marilyne Guigue
392 Chemin de Saint-Louis, 84260 Sarrians
- Earl Roch Lauriol
60 Route du Moulin, 07200 Saint Maurice d'Ardèche
- Laffont Rene
556 Rte de Bedarrides, 84260 Sarrians
- Les Bois Barnier
735 bd du Comté d'Orange, 84260 Sarrians
- Les Pepinieristes Producteurs Du ComtatFootnote 3
735 bd du Comté d'Orange, 84260 Sarrians
- Mercier Freres
16 rue de la Chaignée, 85770 Vix
- Pepinieres Guillaume
32 Grande Rue, 70700 Charcenne
- Pepinieres Tourette
2205 Route d'Aubenas, 07200 Vogüé
- Pepinieres Viticoles D'anjou
Faveraye Machelles Les loges, 49380 Bellevigne en Layon
- Richter International
735 bd du Comté d'Orange, 84260 Sarrians
- SCEA Bouyer et Fils
1169 route de Tourreau, 84260 Sarrians
- SCEA Pepinieres Barnier
735 bd du Comté d'Orange, 84260 Sarrians
- Nik Weis - St. Urbans-Hof
Appendix 3: Regulated pests associated with grapevines imported to Canada
- Certification may be issued for freedom from the pests listed below. Pest freedom is determined by official testing or approved treatment of material, or if the material originates from an area that has been officially surveyed and determined to be free from these pests. See Pests regulated by Canada available on CFIA's website
- Certification for freedom from the pests listed below is required only if the plants are destined to B.C. Pest freedom is determined by official testing or approved treatment of material, or if the material originates from an area that has been officially surveyed and determined to be free from these pests.
- Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (Fitch) (syn) Phylloxera vitifoliae (Fitch)
- Longidorus, Trichodorus and Xiphinema spp.
- Phomopsis viticola Sacc.
Appendix 4: Treatment requirements for grapevines imported to Canada
All treatments that are required to meet the CFIA's phytosanitary requirements for grapevine material must be approved by the NPPO of the exporting country and must be completed at the country of origin. Should an exporting NPPO wish to employ any treatment other than those listed in this directive, the treatment must first be approved by the CFIA.
A) Phytoplasma treatments
Treatment for imports from countries where phytoplasma diseases of grapevines occur
Examples of phytoplasma diseases of grapevines include: Flavescence dorée, bois noir/Vergilbungskrankheit, Australian grapevine yellows and Palatinate grapevine yellows. Treat by complete immersion of vines, cuttings or grafted plants in a hot water bath maintained at a minimum temperature of 50°C for a minimum duration of 35 minutes.
Treatment time shall start when the water temperature has reached 50°C after plants have been immersed in water.
Other temperature and time combinations for phytoplasma control may be considered by the CFIA if they are supported by scientific data and are approved by the CFIA prior to use.
This treatment is effective against phylloxera and virus vectoring nematodes.
Other certification options
In certain cases, when specifically approved in writing by CFIA, certification against diseases caused by phytoplasmas may be based on clear absence of the pests from the areas where the grapevines are grown as well as areas where all propagative materials originated. The pest free area status must have been developed and provided by the exporting country in accordance with ISPM No. 4 (1996) and have been officially approved in writing by the CFIA, prior to export.
B) Nematode and phyloxera treatments
- Treat in hot water previously heated to 43.3°C (100°F) for 5 minutes, then remove and again immerse in another water bath previously heated to 47.8°C (118°F) for 30 minutes.
- Treat in hot water previously heated to 43.3°C (100°F) for 5 minutes, then remove and again immerse in another water bath previously heated to 48.9°C (120°F) for 30 minutes.
- Treat in hot water previously heated to 43.3°C (100°F) for 5 minutes, then remove and again immerse in another water bath previously heated to 50.0°C (122°F) for 10 minutes.
- Treat in hot water previously heated to 43.3°C (100°F) for 5 minutes, then remove and again immerse in another water bath previously heated to 51.7°C (125°F) for 5 minutes.
- Treat in hot water previously heated to 43.3°C (100°F) for 5 minutes, then remove and again immerse in another water bath previously heated to 52.7°C (127°F) for 3 minutes.
- Treat in hot water previously heated to 31.7°C (89°F) for 5 minutes, then remove and again immerse in another water bath previously heated to 52.2°C (126°F) for 5 minutes.
- Treat using a chemical dip treatment of 0.5 g of Diazinon 50% wettable powder (WP) and 2 g of Malathion 50% WP per liter of water for 20 minutes at a minimum temperature of 21°C. These products may not currently be registered for use within Canada.
Alternative treatments may be considered by CFIA at the request of certifying NPPOs.
Appendix 5: Canadian-approved United States Vitis spp. certification programs
State of California
California Department of Food and Agriculture, Pest Exclusion/Nursery, Seed, and Cotton Program
1220 N Street, Room A-372, Sacramento, CA 95814
State of Oregon
Oregon Department of Agriculture, Plant Division
635 Capitol St. NE Salem, OR 97301-2532
State of Washington
Washington State Department of Agriculture, Plant protection Division
1111 Washington St., P.O. Box 42560, Olympia, WA 98504-2560
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