Prevention is the most effective way for the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) to protect the plant resource base. However should a pest become introduced in Canada, the Agency's goal is to reduce its impact.
The following factsheets have been developed to promote public awareness and encourage reporting of suspect sightings of these species that have the potential to be invasive in Canada, some of which are regulated under the Plant Protection Act. For the full list of regulated pests, visit the Pests regulated by Canada page.
Changes to common names
The common names for some insects are under review internationally. Spongy moth is the new common name for Lymantria dispar dispar, previously known as European gypsy moth, EGM or LDD moth. This change does not affect the French name.
The common name for the group of moths (Lymantria dispar asiatica, Lymantria dispar japonica, Lymantria umbrosa, Lymantria postalba and Lymantria albescens) referred to as AGM (formerly Asian gypsy moth) has changed to Flighted Spongy Moth Complex (FSMC).
This list includes quarantine or regulated non-quarantine pests. Regulated pests may already be established in specific areas of Canada. Contact the CFIA if a pest is found in an area where it is not known to occur.
- Apple maggot – Rhagoletis pomonella
- AGM (Lymantria albescens, Lymantria umbrosa, Lymantria postalba, Lymantria dispar japonica and Lymantria dispar asiatica)
- Asian longhorned beetle – Anoplophora glabripennis
- Black pine bark beetle – Hylastes ater
- Blueberry maggot – Rhagoletis mendax
- Box tree moth – Cydalima perspectalis
- Brown spruce longhorn beetle – Tetropium fuscum
- Carnation tortrix, Cacoecimorpha pronubana Hubner
- Citrus long-horned beetle – Anoplophora chinensis
- Emerald ash borer – Agrilus planipennis
- European cherry fruit fly – Rhagoletis cerasi
- European grapevine moth – Lobesia botrana
- European spruce bark beetle – Ips typographus
- European spruce longhorn beetle – Tetropium castaneum
- Grape phylloxera – Daktulosphaira vitifoliae or Viteus vitifoliae
- Hemlock woolly adelgid – Adelges tsugae
- Japanese beetle – Popillia japonica
- Khapra beetle – Trogoderma granarium
- LDD moth – Lymantria dispar dispar
- Light brown apple moth – Epiphyas postvittana
- Nun moth – Lymantria monacha
- Oriental fruit moth – Grapholita molesta
- Red-necked longhorn beetle – Aromia bungii
- Rosy gypsy moth – Lymantria mathura
- Sirex wasp – Sirex noctilio
- Spongy moth – Lymantria dispar dispar
- Spotted lanternfly – Lycorma delicatula
- Tomato leafminer – Tuta absoluta
A decision to regulate these pests is under consideration by the CFIA. Contact the CFIA if these pests are suspected outside their established range.
Additional plant pests and disease information
The CFIA has determined that this does not meet the definition of a quarantine pest. Contact your local provincial authorities if a pest is found in an area where it is not known to occur.
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