D-14-03: Phytosanitary Import Requirements for Fresh and Dried Branches, Cut Flowers and Other Plant Parts for Ornamental Purposes
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Effective Date: March 3, 2016
This directive provides the phytosanitary import requirements for all fresh and dried branches, roots, cones, foliage, flowers, lichens and mosses for ornamental purposes.
On this page
- Definitions, abbreviations and acronyms
- 1.0 Scope
- 2.0 General requirements
- 3.0 Specific requirements
- 3.1 Non-woody material
- 3.2 Woody material
- 3.2.1 Dried woody material
- 3.2.2 Fresh woody material
- 4.0 Non-compliance
- 5.0 Appendices
This directive will be updated as required. For further information or clarification, please contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).
Chief Plant Health Officer
A large volume of fresh and dried branches, cut flowers and other plant parts are imported into Canada from a variety of origins. A wide range of serious plant pests, which can pose a high pest risk to Canada's agriculture, forests and environment, can be transported in or on this material. Wood-boring insects, for example, are of particular concern and can be present in woody material. Pests can move from non-propagative material to the environment, for example: when material is disposed of by composting; when ornamental arrangements are placed outdoors; or when ornamental material is stored in close proximity to propagative material.
This directive is intended for the use of CFIA staff, Canada Border Services Agency staff, National Plant Protection Organizations (NPPOs) of exporting countries exporting countries as well as importers and exporters.
D-01-06: Canadian phytosanitary policy for the notification of non-compliance and emergency action. CFIA, Ottawa.
D-02-12: Import requirements for non-processed wood and other non-propagative wood products, except solid wood packaging material, from all areas other than the continental United States. CFIA, Ottawa.
D-03-08: Phytosanitary Requirements to Prevent the Introduction Into and Spread Within Canada of the Emerald Ash Borer, Agrilus planipennis (Fairmaire). CFIA, Ottawa.
D-07-03: Phytosanitary Import Requirements to Prevent the Entry of Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth). CFIA, Ottawa.
D-08-04: Plant protection import requirements for plants and plant parts for planting. CFIA, Ottawa.
D-11-01: Phytosanitary Requirements for Plants for Planting and Fresh Branches to Prevent the Entry and Spread of Anoplophora spp. CFIA, Ottawa
D-12-01: Phytosanitary Requirements to Prevent the Introduction of Plants Regulated as Pests in Canada. CFIA, Ottawa.
D-94-35: List of Sources Approved to Export Fruit Tree and Grape Propagative Material to Canada. CFIA, Ottawa.
D-99-07: Policy for Importation from the United States and Domestic Movement of Plum Pox Virus (PPV) susceptible Prunus Propagative Plant Material. CFIA, Ottawa.
Definitions, abbreviations and acronyms
Definitions for terms used in the present document can be found in the Plant Health Glossary of Terms.
1.1 Legislative authority
Plant Protection Act, S.C. 1990, c.22
Plant Protection Regulations, SOR/95-212
Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice, Canada Gazette, Part I (as amended from time to time)
The CFIA charges fees in accordance with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Fees Notice. For information regarding fees associated with imported product, please contact the CFIA's National Import Service Centre (NISC). Anyone requiring other information regarding fees may contact any local CFIA office or visit our Fees Notice website.
1.3 Regulated pests
Please see the list of Pests Regulated by Canada.
Please note that the CFIA may take action on material that is found to be infested with pests of potential quarantine concern even if those pests are not yet included on this list.
1.4 Regulated commodities
All commodities imported under the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS) codes in Table 1.
HS codes are part of an internationally standardized system of names and numbers for classifying traded products. The codes are developed and maintained by the World Customs Organization.
|06.03||Cut flowers and flower buds of a kind suitable for bouquets or for ornamental purposes, fresh, dried, dyed, bleached, impregnated or otherwise prepared|
|06.04 Table Note 1||Foliage, branches and other parts of plants, without flowers or flower buds, and grasses, mosses and lichens, being goods of a kind suitable for bouquets or for ornamental purposes, fresh, dried, dyed, bleached, impregnated or otherwise prepared.|
- Table Note 1
Except fresh Christmas trees, HS Code 0604200143, which are regulated under directive D-02-12: Import requirements for non-processed wood and other non-propagative wood products, except solid wood packaging material, from all areas other than the continental United States
1.5 Commodities not in the scope of this directive
- Bark in isolation (no longer attached to branches). See directive D-02-12 for the import requirements for bark in isolation imported from areas other than the continental United States. For the continental United States, see the directives listed in Appendix 1.
- Christmas trees. See directive D-02-12 for the import requirements for Christmas trees.
- Material intended for propagation. See directive D-08-04 for the import requirements for plant material intended for propagation.
- Material intended for human consumption, animal and livestock feed, and further processing. These requirements are presented in various Plant Health directives.
1.6 Regulated areas
2.0 General requirements
The following requirements apply to all products covered under this directive. Requirements for material from a particular origin also apply when the material is re-exported via a third country.
Material must be free from soil, soil-related matter, growing media and quarantine pests.
Cut flowers, foliage and branches must be free from roots.
Growing on, planting or propagation of any of the material covered under this directive is prohibited. Material intended for planting or propagation is subject to additional requirements presented in other directives (e.g. directive D-08-04).
Section 3.0 presents only the requirements not captured elsewhere in other Plant Health directives and is not exhaustive. Other requirements may also apply, including prohibitions. In particular, Appendix 1 provides a list of Plant Health directives that contain requirements specific to certain pests, taxa and origins. For more information, please see the list of all Plant Health directives, consult the CFIA's Automated Import Reference System or contact your local CFIA office.
3.0 Specific requirements
Note: Appendix 1 provides a list of Plant Health directives that contain requirements specific to certain pests, taxa and origins. Please also consult the CFIA's Automated Import Reference System or contact your local CFIA office.
3.1 Non-woody material
This product category refers to non-woody material (e.g. cut flowers, non-woody foliage, mosses, and lichens).
3.1.1 Dried non-woody material
No specific requirements under this directive.
3.1.2 Fresh non-woody material
Fresh mosses and lichens
- From the continental United States:
A Permit to Import is not required. A Phytosanitary Certificate is not required.
- From areas other than the continental United States:
A Permit to Import and a Phytosanitary Certificate are required.
All other products
|New Zealand||See Section 2.1 of directive D-07-03 on Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth).|
|South Africa||A Permit to Import is not required.
A Phytosanitary Certificate is required.
No treatments or additional declarations are required.
|United States||Fraxinus spp.: See directive D-03-08 on Agrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer).|
|United States -
California and Hawaii
|Taxa listed in Appendix 1 of directive D-07-03 on Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth):
See Section 2.2 of directive D-07-03.
|All other origins||No specific requirements under this directive.|
3.2 Woody material
This product category includes all woody material (e.g. branches, cones, woody roots, woody foliage), including wreaths and similar items.
3.2.1 Dried woody material
- Note: Dried woody material may be subject to additional requirements specified in other Plant Health directives. For example, dried branch genera that are hosts of Anoplophora spp. are subject to the documentation requirements outlined in section 1.5.1 of Plant Health directive D-11-01.
188.8.131.52 Originating from the continental United States
No specific requirements under this directive.
184.108.40.206 Originating from areas other than the continental United States
- For products that are dried (less than 8% moisture content), free from bark and no greater than 1.5 cm in thickness, including dry cones that are entirely coated with a permanent layer of lacquer, paint or other sealant:
- Neither a Phytosanitary Certificate nor a Permit to Import is required.
- For other products, including:
- Dry cones that are not coated in a sealant.
- Products that are dried, not free from bark and/or greater than 1.5 cm in thickness.
- A Permit to Import is not required.
- One of the following options must be met:
- Material must be fumigated with methyl bromide as per Appendix 2.
- Material must be heat-treated to a minimum temperature of 56°C throughout its profile (including at its core) for a minimum of 30 minutes
- A Phytosanitary Certificate showing the treatment details is required. A fumigation certificate in lieu of this will not be accepted.
- Note: For products originating from outside the continental United States that are re-exported from the United States to Canada, the following is required:
- A Phytosanitary Certificate for re-export; or
- A copy of the original Phytosanitary Certificate with treatment details stamped with a USDA-APHIS stamp and signed by the authorizing Office.
- If these requirements are not met then the products will have to be treated or re- treated in the United States, and the following is required:
- A Phytosanitary Certificate with the treatment details; or
- A heat treatment certificate or treatment document endorsed by the American Lumber Standards Committee (ALSC) accredited Grading Agency; or
- A fumigation Certificate, in lieu of a Phytosanitary Certificate from fumigation facilities recognized by the USDA-APHIS. Here is a listing of the fumigation inspection companies PDF (792 kb).
3.2.2 Fresh woody material
- Note: Fresh woody material may be subject to additional requirements specified in other Plant Health directives. For example, fresh branch genera that are hosts of Anoplophora spp. are subject to the phytosanitary requirements outlined in Plant Health directive D-11-01.
220.127.116.11 Originating from the continental United States
|Scientific name||Common name||Requirements|
|Chaenomeles spp.||flowering quince||The conditions for plant material intended for propagation apply. See directives D-94-35 (fruit trees and grapevines) and D-97-07 (plum pox virus).|
|Cydonia spp.||quince||The conditions for plant material intended for propagation apply. See directives D-94-35 (fruit trees and grapevines) and D-97-07 (plum pox virus).|
|Malus spp.||apple, crabapple||The conditions for plant material intended for propagation apply. See directives D-94-35 (fruit trees and grapevines) and D-97-07 (plum pox virus).|
|Prunus spp.||stone fruit|
|Taxa listed in Appendix 1 of directive D-07-03||Taxa listed in Appendix 1 of directive D-07-03||From California only: See Section 2.2 of directive D-07-03 on Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth).|
|All other taxa||All other taxa||No specific requirements under this directive. However, see the directives listed in Appendix 1 for other requirements that may apply.|
18.104.22.168 Originating from areas other than the continental United States
Taxa and origins not listed in either of the following tables are permitted with no specific requirements under this directive. However, see the directives listed in Appendix 1 for other requirements that may apply.
Permitted, with restrictions
|Dracaena sanderiana||All other origins||
|Salix spp. (Lulav)||All origins other than Europe||
|Taxa listed in Appendix 1 of directive D-07-03||Hawaii||See Section 2.2 of directive D-07-03 on Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth).|
|All taxa||New Zealand||See Section 2.1 of directive D-07-03 on Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth).|
Fresh woody material of the following taxa is prohibited from origins other than the continental United States.
|Scientific name||Common name|
|Chaenomeles spp.||flowering quince|
|Lithocarpus spp.||stone oak|
|Malus spp.||apple, crabapple|
|Platanus spp.||sycamore, plane|
|Pseudolarix spp.||golden larch|
|Pseudotsuga spp.||Douglas fir|
|Prunus spp.||stone fruit|
|Salix spp. Table Note 2||willowTable Note 2|
|Sorbus spp.||mountain ash|
- Table note 2
Refer to section 22.214.171.124 for the provision for lulav.
Imported consignments may be inspected by the CFIA and must meet all requirements when they reach first point of arrival in Canada. Products that are found to be infested with pests of quarantine concern or are otherwise non-compliant may be refused entry to Canada, and may be ordered removed from the country or destroyed. Infested shipments may be ordered treated prior to disposal to prevent the spread of pests. The importer is responsible for all costs relating to treatment, disposal or removal of the products, including costs incurred by the CFIA to monitor the action taken. The CFIA will advise the NPPO of the country of origin of any non-compliance with the conditions outlined in this directive as per directive D-01-06: Canadian phytosanitary policy for the notification of non-compliance and emergency action.
- Appendix 1: Plant Health directives that include requirements for material covered in directive D-14-03
- Appendix 2: Methyl bromide fumigation schedule
Appendix 1: Plant Health directives that include requirements for material covered in directive D-14-03
The directives below can be found in the list of all Plant Health directives.
Note:Requirements may change at any time; this list may not contain the most up-to-date information. Please see the Automated Import Reference System or contact the CFIA for details.
|Directive||Pests of concern||Regulated taxa||Regulated origin|
|Zea mays||multiple countries;
|Sorghum spp.||multiple countries;
|D-97-07||Ophiostoma ulmi and Ophiostoma novo-ulmi
(Dutch elm disease)
(European larch canker)
|D-98-09||Lymantria dispar||all taxa||United States|
|Hordeum spp., Avena spp.,
|D-00-08||Phytophthora alni||Alnus spp.||multiple countries;
|D-01-01||Phytophthora ramorum||multiple taxa;
(emerald ash borer)
|Fraxinus spp.||continental United States|
(light brown apple moth)
United States (including Hawaii)
(hemlock woolly adelgid)
(Asian longhorned beetle)
|continental United States|
Appendix 2: Methyl bromide fumigation schedule
Canada is a signatory of The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1992), agreeing to the reduction and eventual phase-out of methyl bromide use. Exporting countries are encouraged to submit data supporting the efficacy of alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation to the CFIA for review.
The minimum temperature must not be less than 10°C and the minimum exposure time must be at least 24 hours. Monitoring of concentrations must be carried out at a minimum of 2, 4 and 24 hours after application of the fumigant.
A Phytosanitary Certificate issued by the certifying National Plant Protection Organization and indicating the fumigation details (average commodity temperature, general rate [g/m3] of methyl bromide used and exposure time) is required.
Regulated products may be fumigated with methyl bromide in the following manner:
|Temperature (°C)||Dosage (g/m3)||Minimum
at 2 hours
at 4 hours
at 24 hours
|21.0 or above||48||36||31||24|
|16.0 - 20.9||56||42||36||28|
|10.0 - 15.9||64||48||42||32|
- Date modified: