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Mechanical, electrical or gas stunning; slaughter methods and monitoring signs of unconsciousness or consciousness

For the purposes of this document, the following definitions apply:

Alternating current (AC)
Flow of current that varies cyclically in direction and Magnitude (Courant alternatif - CA)
Equipment for measuring current flow (Amps) (Ampèremètre)
The strength of an electric current expressed in amperes (Intensité)
Amperes (Amp)
The unit used to measure the flow of current (Ampère)
Backup stunning equipment
Stunning equipment kept ready and available for use, if primary equipment fails to operate properly (Équipement d'étourdissement d'urgence)
Bleeding out
The act of causing blood loss sufficient to result in death (Saigner)
Bleed-out time
The time it takes to cause sufficient blood loss for sticking to result in death (Temps de la saignée)
Clonic seizure
A seizure characterized by a succession of convulsive spasms (Attaque clonique)
The rate at which the charge is flowing (Courant)
Direct current (DC)
Current that flows constantly in only one direction (Courant continu - CC)
Dead on arrival. (MA - Mort à l'arrivée)
Dressing or dressing procedure
Any cutting or removal of a body part, with the exception of an incision made for bleed out (Procédure d'habillage)
The use of electric current to immobilize animals – which should not be confused with electric stunning; immobilized animals are paralyzed but sensible (Électro-immobilisation)
Insensibility achieved by stunning with electricity (Électronarcose)
Establishment licence holder
The licence holder or legal entity issued a licence to conduct slaughter activities in an establishment that slaughters animals for food (Titulaire de licence d'établissement)
Draining the body of blood (see "Sticking" or "Bleeding out") (Exsanguination)
Frequency (related to electricity)
How many times, in a set time frame a cycle is repeated (Fréquence)
Head-only stunning
Stunning with electric current applied across the head. This type of stun is short lived, animals recover rapidly, if not bled out immediately (Étourdissement tête seulement)
Head-to-heart stunning
Stunning where the current spans the brain and heart simultaneously, or spans the brain and immediately thereafter the heart. This type of stun is sometimes called "irreversible electric stun." (Étourdissement tête-cœur)
High frequency
Cycles of electricity, greater than 200 Hertz (Hz), used to stun animals (Haute fréquence)
Hot wanding
A painful pre-shock received by animals (usually hogs) being stunned with electricity, if current flows before the electrode (wand) has made full contact with the animal. Animals, in general, that have been hot wanded will vocalize when the wand is applied (Chocs électriques prématurés)
A state of unawareness in which there is a temporary or permanent disruption of brain function, as a result the animal is unable to respond to normal stimuli, including pain.(used interchangeably with "unconscious") (Insensible)
Low Frequency
Cycles of electricity, between 50 to 200 Hertz (Hz) used to stun animals (Basse fréquence)
Ohms Law
Current (Ampere or Miliampere) = Voltage (Volts) ÷ Resistance (Ω = Ohms)
Penetrative stunning
Stunning where the device, such as a captive bolt gun, penetrates the skull (Étourdissement pénétrant)
When a projectile (from a firearm) exits the skull on the opposite side from which it entered (Perforation)
Pre-stun pen
A pen near the stunning area used to hold animals prior to slaughter (Enclos de pré- étourdissement)
Properties that limit current flow (related to electricity) (Résistance)
Restraint conveyor
A moving conveyor that holds an animal in the correct position for accurate stunning (Convoyeur de contention)
Rhythmic breathing
A regular breathing pattern, indicating (at least partial) brain stem function; generally characterized by two or more inspiratory and expiratory cycles of the thorax (Respiration rythmique)
When a projectile (from a firearm) rebounds off a surface (Ricochet)
A state of awareness where there is an ability to respond to stimuli, including pain. Sensibility requires function of the brain stem and some cortical regions of the brain. Used interchangeably with "consciousness" (Sensibilité)
The cutting of major blood vessels to allow bleeding out (Saignée)
Stun box (knocking box)
A small enclosure in which individual animals are confined for stunning (Boîte d'assommage)
Stunning pen
A pen where animals are stunned, usually in small groups (for example, lambs, pigs) (Enclos d'étourdissement)
Stun-to-stick interval
The time between an animal being rendered unconscious by stunning and the time that the major blood vessels are cut (Intervalle entre l'étourdissement et la saignée)
Tonic seizure
Seizure characterized by rigid muscle tension immediately following an electrical or mechanical stun. (Crise tonique)
A state of unawareness in which there is a temporary or permanent disruption of brain function, as a result the animal is unable to respond to normal stimuli, including pain (Used interchangeably with "insensible") (Inconscient)
Is the difference in charge between two points (Tension)
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