Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

Foot and Mouth Disease is a severe, highly communicable viral disease of cattle and swine, which also affects sheep, goats, deer and other cloven-hoofed ruminants (horses are not affected). Signs of the disease include fever and blister-like sores on the tongue and lips, in the mouth, on the teats and between the hooves; many affected animals recover, but are left weakened and debilitated from FMD.

In Canada, FMD is a reportable disease under the Health of Animals Act. All suspected cases must be reported to the CFIA.


Services and information

Fact Sheet – Foot and Mouth Disease

Consult this fact sheet for key information about the disease.

Top questions

Consult the FMD emergency preparedness and response page for answers to frequently asked questions.


What you can do to protect your animals from getting FMD.


How you can prevent bringing contaminated food, clothing and equipment to Canada.


Import requirements for feed and live animals, animal products and by-products.


Educating livestock owners, providing guidance on biosecurity and detecting suspect cases of FMD.