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Fact sheet - Single ingredient feed manufacturers

The information in this document is based on requirements set out in the proposed Feeds Regulations, 2022 (the "regulations"). The information is intended to help regulated parties understand the requirements within the regulations once they come into force. The proposed requirements are subject to change as the regulatory process advances through its various stages. In the interim, current laws applicable to livestock feed in Canada continue to apply.

The proposed Feeds Regulations, 2022 will impact a variety of stakeholders, including:

  • single ingredient feed manufacturers and suppliers
  • mixed feed manufacturers and suppliers (for example, commercial feed mills, specialty feed manufacturers, etc.)
  • rendering facilities manufacturing livestock feed ingredients
  • feed retail outlets
  • livestock producers (on-farm feed mills)
  • feed importers
  • feed exporters

Single ingredient feed manufacturers are businesses that manufacture single ingredient feeds for sale and distribution in the Canadian marketplace or for export. Single ingredient feeds may be manufactured in Canada or may be imported. They can be fed directly to livestock or further used to manufacture mixed feeds. Single ingredient feed manufacturers who import feed or export feed, should also refer to the feed importers fact sheet or the feed exporters fact sheet, respectively.

There is a wide range of single ingredient feeds that are approved for use in livestock feeds in Canada. Some examples include:

  • grains
  • animal protein products
  • vitamins
  • minerals
  • viable microbial strains
  • flavour ingredients
  • recycled food products (for example, bakery waste, snack food waste, potato process residue)
  • by-products of ethanol manufacturing (for example, distillers' grains), and
  • non-nutritive ingredients such as anticaking agents and pellet binders

All approved single ingredient feeds are listed and described in the Canadian Feed Ingredients Table (CFIT), which will replace Schedule IV and V, and is one of the documents incorporated by reference.

Single ingredient feed manufacturers who also manufacture mixed feeds should refer to the commercial feed mills fact sheet.

This fact sheet applies to you if

  • you manufacture, store, label, package or sell single ingredient feeds

New regulatory requirements that apply to you

Hazard analysis and preventive control plans

You must prepare, keep, maintain and implement a written preventive control plan (PCP) which will include:

  • the identification and analysis of hazards associated with your feed establishment, equipment used, incoming materials, feeds, manufacturing, or other processes. This would include receiving, handling or storage, and measures to prevent cross contamination
  • the control measures used to prevent, eliminate or reduce the hazards identified
  • preventive controls you implement to meet other regulatory requirements such as general and safety standards, labelling, recalls, complaints, import and export provisions, record-keeping and traceability

This is a new requirement. Please refer to the preventive feed safety controls fact sheet and hazard identification and analysis fact sheet for additional information.

Licences

You will require a licence if the single ingredient feeds you manufacture, store, label or package are sent or conveyed across provincial borders or are to be exported. If your single ingredient feeds are being sold within the same province, a licence is not required. If you are importing a single ingredient feed, please refer to the feed importers fact sheet.

This is a new requirement. Please refer to the licensing fact sheet for additional information.

Traceability and record-keeping

You will be required to keep records of the single ingredient feeds you manufacture and sell. This includes any mixing formulas. In addition, you will be required to keep records of the incoming materials you use and where they came from, as well as who you ship or sell the single ingredient feeds to. The records must include the name of the feed, the lot number, the date, and contact information.

This is a new requirement. Please refer to the traceability fact sheet for additional information.

Product registration

All approved single ingredient feeds are listed and described in the CFIT. The CFIT is divided into Part I and Part II. A single ingredient feed listed in Part I does not require registration if it meets the definition and description in the CFIT. If the single ingredient feed you manufacture is listed in Part II of the CFIT, you will be required to register it as a new source.

If your single ingredient feed is listed in the CFIT, but does not meet the definition and description, you must have the single ingredient feed approved before it may be manufactured and sold in Canada. This includes any change in the purpose, conditions of use (usage rate, and intended livestock species or class of livestock), composition, manufacturing process, or labelling requirements outlined in the definition and description for that particular single ingredient feed. If a single ingredient feed has a claim on the label that is not set out in the Tables of Permissible Claims for Feed Labels  or does not meet the conditions outlined in those tables, this single ingredient feed would require registration.

If your single ingredient feed is not listed in the CFIT, you must have the single ingredient feed approved before it may be manufactured and sold in Canada.

This is not a change from the current requirements. Please refer to the feed approval and product registration guidance for the proposed Feeds Regulations, 2022 for additional information.

Product labelling

You will be required to label your single ingredient feed that you offer for sale. Additional labelling requirements may be outlined in the CFIT for a particular single ingredient feed.

This is an amended requirement. Please refer to the labelling guidance for the proposed Feeds Regulations, 2022 for additional information.

Benefits

The proposed Feeds Regulations, 2022 will introduce an outcome-based and risk-based approach to feed safety and compliance through modernized regulatory requirements (hazard identification and analysis, preventive control plans, traceability and labelling requirements) and permissions (feed ingredient assessments and approvals, product registration and licences). The benefits that this new regulatory framework will provide are to:

  • safeguard feed and the food production continuum
  • attain the most effective and efficient balance between fair and competitive trade in the market; and
  • minimize regulatory burden

Modernizing the assessment and approval process for single ingredient feeds will contribute to reduced registration requirements for mixed feeds. In addition, improved labelling flexibilities will allow you to provide customers with more useful information on feed labels. Preventive control programs throughout the feed chain will provide your customers with greater confidence in the safety of the feeds they purchase.