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Overview of the proposed changes to the Canadian Feed Ingredients Table: Closed consultation

Current status: Closed

This document is part of the consultation on proposed changes to the Canadian Feed Ingredients Table. This consultation ran from December 13, 2022 to January 14, 2023.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is seeking comments on proposed changes to the Canadian Feed Ingredients Table (CFIT).

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About the Canadian Feed Ingredients Table

The Canadian Feed Ingredients Table (CFIT) is a document that will be incorporated by reference (IBR) into the Feeds Regulations, 2023 and will come into force when the new regulations are published in the Canada Gazette, Part II (CGII).

The CFIT lists and describes all single ingredient feeds (SIFs) approved for use in livestock feed in Canada. The CFIT will replace Schedule IV and Schedule V of the current regulations.

The CFIT contains 7 classes of SIFs, each with a clearly defined purpose.

  • Classes 1 to 5 are nutritional-based SIFs such as roughages and forages, energy feeds, protein feeds, vitamins and minerals
  • Class 6 contains SIFs that are non-nutritional and are added to livestock feeds for a specific technical purpose (for example, antioxidants, anticaking ingredients, mould inhibitors, colourants, pH adjusters, etc.)
  • Class 7 contains SIFs that have a specific purpose that does not currently meet the subclasses identified in Class 6

The CFIT is divided into 2 parts. SIFs listed in Part I of the CFIT are exempt from registration and may be imported, sold and manufactured in Canada, if they meet the description as listed in the CFIT, are labelled appropriately and meet the standards and other regulatory requirements outlined in the proposed regulations. SIFs listed in Part II must come from a registered source to support their safety and efficacy before they can be imported, sold and manufactured in Canada.

Developing the updated table

As part of the process to modernize the Feeds Regulations, the CFIA sought feedback on the proposed Feeds Regulations, 2023, in the Canada Gazette, Part I (CGI). This included consultation on all 9 proposed incorporated by reference (IBR) documents including the CFIT.

As a result of this consultation, the CFIA received valuable feedback on the CFIT. In addition, the CFIA continued to conduct an internal review of the CFIT for clarity and consistency. This has resulted in a number of changes since the Canada Gazette, Part I consultation.

The CFIA is committed to the principles of accessibility, transparency, consistency, reasonableness, and clarity when using IBRs in regulations as stipulated in the CFIA's Incorporation by Reference Policy. Since changes have been made to the CFIT since the last consultation, in accordance with the Incorporation by Reference Policy, the CFIA is consulting on these additional changes. This will allow the most up to date version of the CFIT to be published when the new regulations are published in CGII.

Summary of changes

The proposed changes in the CFIT include:

  • changes to the glossary
  • amendments to the names of the classes and subclasses
  • review of names of single ingredient feeds
  • standardization of labelling statements
  • standardization of caution and warning statements
  • standardization of worker safety statements
  • standardization of required labelling statements that contain to health and safety information
  • standardization of other required labelling statements

In addition, the updated CFIT reflects any SIFs that have been added or modified since the CGI consultation, as a result of the regular SIF approval process.

A detailed summary of proposed changes can be found in Appendix 1. If you would like to request a copy of the CFIT with all the proposed changes please send an email to the Animal Feed Program (AFP) at: cfia.feedregmodernization-modernisationregalibetails.acia@inspection.gc.ca and in the subject line state "Request copy of the updated CFIT".

Next steps

Following this consultation, the comments received will be reviewed and amendments to the CFIT will be made as required. The updated version of the CFIT will be published as part of the CGII publication of the Feeds Regulations, 2023. At that time, the CFIT will come into effect for all stakeholders.

Until the new regulations and the CFIT come into effect, stakeholders must continue to follow the current Feeds Regulations. If you would like to request a copy of the current Schedules IV and V please send an email with the subject line "Schedule IV and Schedule V" to the Animal Feed and Veterinary Biologics Division.

The CFIA will continue to assess applications for new SIFs, or modifications to existing SIFs between now and when the new Feeds Regulations, 2023 come into effect. Once the assessment to verify that a SIF is safe and effective for its intended purpose is complete, a consultation on the new or modified SIF description will be required before it can be added to the CFIT. If that consultation is not completed in time, the new or updated description will be added to the CFIT shortly after the CGII publication date. Once the new regulations come into force, the regular process for consulting on SIF descriptions and updating the CFIT will be followed. More information on updating IBR documents will be made available in advance of the CGII publication of the Feeds Regulations, 2023.

Contact us

We strongly encourage you to provide your input and feedback. If you have any questions or comments about this consultation, please send an email to the Animal Feed and Veterinary Biologics Division.

Appendix 1

This appendix contains a summary of the major changes that have been made to the Canadian Feed Ingredients Table (CFIT) since it was published in CGI in June 2021.

Changes made to the CFIT glossary

These changes include:

  • a revised definition of approved grains
  • a new definition of what is meant by cereal grains
  • a new definition of what is meant by pulse grains
  • a revised definition of carrier
  • a revised definition of complete feed
  • a revised definition of facilitating agent
  • a new definition for flavouring agent

Changes made to the CFIT class and subclass names

These changes include:

  • revised subclass 6.3 Acidity regulators to subclass 6.3 pH Adjusters
  • revised subclass 6.19.3 Acidifiers to subclass 6.19.3 Acids
  • revised subclass 5.1.1 Amino acids from fermentation sources to subclass 5.1.1 Amino acids from fermentation processes
  • revised subclass 5.1.2 Amino acids excluding those from fermentation sources to subclass 5.1.2 Amino acids excluding those from fermentation processes
  • revised subclass 5.4.1 Vitamins from fermentation sources to subclass 5.4.1 Vitamins from fermentation processes
  • revised subclass 5.4.2 Vitamins excluding those from fermentation sources to subclass 5.4.2 Vitamins excluding those from fermentation processes
  • revised subclass 6.6 Colouring ingredients to subclass 6.6 Colourants for livestock feeds

In addition, the CFIA has made changes to the sentence case of the classes and subclasses to meet the Canadian writing style guide requirements for posting on the CFIA external website.

Changes to the SIF names

Some changes have been made to the common and alternative ingredient names, which include:

  • reducing the number of alternative names for some SIFs
  • providing some flexibility in the naming of SIFs
  • ensuring the names in English and French are better aligned and reflective of the SIF description

In addition, the CFIA has made changes to the sentence case of the SIF names to meet the Canadian writing style guide requirements for posting on the CFIA external website.

Common statements have been standardized

The CFIA has standardized some commonly used statements that are used in many SIF descriptions to ensure the wording is being applied consistently. For example:

  • if the product bears a name descriptive of the form, origin or kind, it shall correspond thereto and it may be indicated on the label
  • if a pelleting aid/mould inhibitor/antioxidant/carrier/anticaking agent/preservative, etc. is used, it must be approved for use in livestock feeds, it shall be used at the approved rate, and the common name or names shall be indicated on the label

In addition, the CFIA has tried to be consistent in the layout of the SIF description with more specific information on the SIF at the beginning followed by any required labelling statements and standardized statements and what guarantees are to be on the label for that SIF.

The CFIA has also made changes within the SIF descriptions to meet the Canadian writing style guide requirements for posting on the CFIA external website. For example, spelling out in full i.e. (that is) and e.g. (for example).

Additions to the CFIT

Since the CFIT was pre-published in CGI there have been a number of SIFs that have been approved. In addition, there have been a number of existing SIF descriptions that have been amended during this time.

The CFIA has also taken some time to review the approved purposes or intended purposes of certain SIFs and how they are listed under the classes and subclasses in the CFIT. As a result some SIFs have been moved or added to different classes and subclasses of the CFIT.

All new single ingredient feeds (SIFs) that have been approved since August 2020 have been included in the updated CFIT. The following new SIFs have been approved:

  • faba bean starch
  • liquid concentrated deproteinized bovine milk permeate (or liquid bovine milk permeate, deproteinized and concentrated)
  • faba bean protein concentrate (or faba bean protein)
  • wood lignocellulose mechanically processed (or wood chips mechanically processed)
  • pea hulls (or field pea hulls)
  • soy free fatty acids dried (or dried free fatty acids soy)
  • pea solubles
  • pea pulp
  • defatted black soldier fly larvae meal (or defatted whole black soldier fly larvae meal or defatted whole Hermetia illucens larvae meal or defatted dried whole black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) larvae meal)
  • onion (allium cepa L.) bulb extract, dried (or dried onion extract)
  • yucca schidigera pulp powder (or yucca pulp powder)
  • quillaja saponaria powder (or quillaja powder)
  • encapsulated zinc oxide
  • lactiplantibacillus culture dehydrated
  • lacticaseibacillus culture dehydrated
  • lentilactobacillus culture dehydrated
  • thymol (or 3-p-cymenol or 5-methyl-2-(1-methylethyl)phenol)
  • glycerol tributyrate (or tributyrin or tributanoylglycerol or glyceryl tributyrate)
  • whole corn germ wet milled dehydrated (or dried whole corn germ wet milled)
  • pseudomonas fluorescens fermentation extract, liquid (or liquid pseudomonas fluorescens fermentation extract)
  • dried methylorubrum extorquens biomass (or single cell protein meal from methylorubrum extorquens)
  • muramidase
  • lactiplantibacillus plantarum culture dehydrated
  • ligilactobacillus animalis culture dehydrated
  • ligilactobacillus salivarius culture dehydrated
  • enterococcus faecium culture dehydrated

All modifications to existing SIFs that have been approved since August 2020 have been included in the updated CFIT. The following SIFs have been amended:

  • soybean meal
  • L-carnitine
  • vitamin A
  • palm free fatty acids dried (or dried free fatty acids palm)
  • hydrogenated refined bleached deodorized palm stearin dried (or hydrogenated RBD palm stearin dried or RBD palm stearin (hydrogenated), dried)
  • dried whole black soldier fly larvae
  • L-selenomethionine
  • beta-carotene
  • vitamin D3
  • vitamin E
  • coated ascorbic acid
  • coated menadione sodium bisulfite
  • d-alpha tocopheryl acetate (or d-alpha tocopheryl acetate)
  • sugar water by-product (or sugar water recycled food product)
  • extracted sugar by-product, condensed (or extracted mixed mono- and di- saccharide by-product, condensed)
  • coconut oil
  • corn oil (or corn endosperm oil)
  • soybean oil (or soya oil or soy oil)
  • d-biotin (or biotin)
  • riboflavin
  • vitamin B12 (or cyanocobalamin)
  • acetic acid
  • benzoic acid
  • citric acid
  • formic acid
  • lactic acid
  • propionic acid
  • sodium acetate
  • calcium formate
  • fumaric acid
  • calcium gluconate
  • butyric acid (or butanoic acid or n-butanoic acid or n-butyric acid)
  • soybean lecithin (or soy lecithin)

In addition, the following SIFs have recently been approved or modified and added directly to the updated CFIT. These include:

  • manganese chloride hydroxide (or manganese hydroxychloride or tribasic manganese chloride (TBMC))
  • komagataella phaffii fermentation extract, liquid (or liquid komagataella phaffii fermentation extract)
  • komagataella phaffii fermentation extract dehydrated (or dried komagataella phaffii fermentation extract)
  • betaine
  • betaine hydrochloride

Labelling statements in the CFIT

The CFIA has looked at the labelling statements within the SIF descriptions and has clarified which statements are required labelling statements that must appear on the livestock feed label. At the same time, the CFIA also revised some of the required labelling statements for clarification and consistency and made sure the English and French text was better aligned.

Caution and warning statements

The CFIA has clarified which statements are consider caution statements and warning statements in the SIF descriptions. The words, "Caution" or "Warning" are clearly indicated in the SIF descriptions following by the statement. All caution and warning statements must appear in both official languages on the livestock feed label and these statements must be transferred to any mixed feed label that contains the SIF in its formulation.

The following SIFs contain a caution statement in their description:

  • apple pomace dehydrated (or dried apple pomace)
  • apple pomace fresh (or wet apple pomace)
  • apples fresh crushed (or fresh crushed apples)
  • dehydrated apple (or apples dehydrated sliced diced or ground)
  • potassium diformate (or potassium hydrogen diformate)
  • pea solubles
  • pea pulp
  • acid chlochlorinated canola meal)
  • acid chlorchlorinated soybean meal)
  • synthetic sodium aluminosilicate (or synthetic sodium aluminum silicate or sodium aluminosilicate synthetic)
  • chocolate manufacturing by-product
  • krill meal (or antarctic krill meal or euphausia superba meal)

The following SIFs contain a warning statement in their description:

  • calcium oxide (or quicklime or high calcium quicklime)
  • recuperated shrimp oil (or shrimp oil, recuperated)
  • krill meal (or Antarctic krill meal or euphausia superba meal)
  • crystalline canthaxanthin
  • crystalline astaxanthin
  • crystalline beta-apo-8'-carotenoic acid ethyl ester (or crystalline ethyl-beta-apo-8' carotenoid)
  • crystalline astaxanthin dimethyldisuccinate (or crystalline astaxanthin DMDS)
  • phaffia rhodozyma dehydrated (or phaffia rhodozyma yeast)
  • haematococcus algae meal comminuted dehydrated (or dried haematococcus algae meal)
  • paracoccus carotinifaciens fermentation product dehydrated (or dried paracoccus carotinifaciens fermentation product)
  • dried micro-algae fermentation product (or micro-algae fermentation product dehydrated)

Worker safety statements

The CFIA has clarified which statements are considered worker safety statements and have identified these statements in the SIF description. Since worker safety statements are considered to contain health and safety information, they must appear in both official languages on the label of the SIF, but these statements do not need to be transferred to any mixed feed label that contains the SIF in its formulation.

The following SIFs have worker safety statements in their descriptions:

  • l-histidine monohydrochloride monohydrate (or glyoxaline-5-alanine)
  • guanidinoacetic acid (or glycocyamine or guanidinoacetate)
  • sodium metabisulfite (or sodium pyrosulfite)
  • formaldehyde solution (or formalin)
  • potassium diformate (or potassium hydrogen diformate)
  • sodium bisulfate (or sodium hydrogen sulfate or sodium acid sulfate)
  • hydrochloric acid (or hydrogen chloride solution)
  • calcium oxide (or quicklime or high calcium quicklime)
  • hydroxy-analogue of selenomethionine (or DL-2-hydroxy-4-methylselenobutanoic acid (HMSeBA) or DL-selenomethionine hydroxy analogue)
  • L-selenomethionine
  • onion (allium cepa L.) bulb extract dried (or dried onion extract)
  • acid chlorinated canola meal (or chlorinated canola meal)
  • acid chlorinated soybean meal (or chlorinated soybean meal)
  • yucca schidigera pulp powder (or yucca pulp powder)
  • quillaja saponaria powder (or quillaja powder)

Required labelling statements that contain to health and safety information

The CFIA has clarified which statements contain health and safety information in the SIF descriptions, and therefore must appear in both official languages on the label of the SIF. However, these statements do not need to be transferred to any mixed feed label that contains the SIF in its formulation.

Other required labelling statements

The CFIA has clarified which information in the SIF descriptions should be a required labelling statement on the label. In most cases, these required labelling statements can be in one official language as the information is not related to health and safety. These statements also do not need to be transferred to any mixed feed label that contains the SIF in its formulation.

SIFs approved for multiple purposes:

The CFIA has made some changes to how SIFs approved for multiple purposes are listed in the CFIT. SIFs that are approved for more than one purpose are placed into the appropriate class or subclass of the CFIT with the same ingredient name, but having a different ingredient number to reflect the class or subclass it is approved for and listed in. In addition, to ensure that stakeholders and users of the CFIT realize that the SIF is listed and approved for other purposes, a reference note has been placed at the bottom of the SIF description to highlight that the SIF is listed in other classes/subclasses with the corresponding ingredient number.

For example, citric acid is approved and listed in three subclasses of class 6 of the CFIT: subclass 6.1 (preservatives, antioxidants and stabilizers), subclass 6.3 (pH adjusters) and subclass 6.19 (gut modifier ingredients). Each time citric acid is listed in the CFIT, there is a reference note to say that citric acid is found in other subclasses of the CFIT with the corresponding ingredient number.

CFIT projects for certain types of SIFs

The CFIA is working with stakeholders on revising the descriptions for certain types of SIFs (for example, the rendered product descriptions, the viable microbial descriptions, fermentation product descriptions, flavour ingredient descriptions). These projects are at various stages of completion and will be consulted on separately from this updated CFIT consultation once the SIF descriptions in these subclasses have been revised.

Please note that due to the anticipated changes, minimal revisions were made to the SIF descriptions in the following subclasses:

  • subclass 6.17 – flavour ingredients
  • subclass 6.19 – gut modifier ingredients (subclass 6.19.2 – viable microorganisms)
  • subclass 6.20 – forage additives (focussing on the viable microorganisms)
  • subclass 6.21 – fermentation products non-viable (including the yeast-based SIFs)

1 of the CFIT projects that has progressed is updating the rendered product descriptions. As a starting point, the CFIA along with members of the rendering industry have had discussions resulting in the revision of 12 rendered product descriptions and 3 new rendered product descriptions. Recently, consultation on these descriptions was conducted through an informal consultation process. Based on the comments that have been received from this consultation, these descriptions have been revised and are included in the updated CFIT. Stakeholders have the opportunity to provide comments on these revised descriptions during this CFIT consultation.

The following rendered product descriptions were revised as part of this project:

  • mixed animal meat and bone meal rendered (or mixed animal meat and bone meal)
  • mixed animal meat meal rendered (or mixed animal meat meal)
  • mixed animal meat and blood meal rendered (or mixed animal meat and blood meal or animal tankage rendered or feeding tankage)
  • mixed animal meat, bone and blood meal rendered (or mixed animal meat, bone and blood meal or meat and bone meal tankage or animal tankage with bone meal rendered or feeding meat and bone tankage)
  • mammalian meat solubles dehydrated (or dried meat solubles)
  • mammalian skin fleshing hydrolysed rendered dehydrated (or dried mammalian fleshings hydrolysate)
  • mixed animal digest condensed (or mixed animal digest)
  • mixed animal digest dehydrated (or mixed animal digest, dried)
  • mammalian by-products, dehydrated (or dried mammalian by-products)
  • poultry by-product meal rendered (or poultry by-product meal)
  • poultry by-products aggregate (or poultry by-products conglomerate)
  • fish meal

The following new rendered products were added:

  • mammalian meat and bone meal rendered (or mammalian meat and bone meal)
  • mammalian meat meal rendered (or mammalian meat meal)
  • poultry meal (or poultry meat and bone meal)