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Floriculture Sector Biosecurity Guide

The following terms are used in this Guide. In the section in which each term is most relevant, the term is linked to its definition in this glossary.

Biological control:

Often referred to as "biocontrol". Biological pest control is the method of controlling pests (including insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases) using other living organisms. It relies on predation, parasitism, herbivory, or other natural mechanisms, but typically also involves an active human management role. It is often an important component of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs.


A set of practices used to prevent, minimize and manage the transmission of pests, including their introduction, spread and release.

Controlled Access Zone (CAZ):

A floriculture facility or area within a floriculture facility where access is restricted or otherwise controlled.

Cover crop:

Crop planted primarily for purposes such as reducing soil erosion, adding organic matter, reducing nutrient losses, improving soil fertility, reducing pest populations, reducing compaction and improving soil structure.


A floriculture greenhouse is the physical location where plants are grown within, under, or sheltered by structures to provide a modified growing condition and/or protection from pests and adverse weather. These structures may include greenhouses, hoop houses, screen houses, shade houses, or other structuresFootnote 1.

High-risk area:

An area that requires additional biosecurity measures.


The resources that are used in floriculture production, such as chemicals, equipment, fertilizer, seed and plant material.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM):

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a process for planning and managing sites to prevent pest problems and for making decisions about when and how to intervene when pest problems occur. It is a sustainable approach, combining biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools to manage pests so that the benefits of pest control are maximized and the health and environmental risks are minimized.


Involves unscheduled and routinely scheduled activities to fix any area of the floriculture facility, device or equipment should it become (or to prevent it from becoming) out of order or broken.


Includes waste, garbage and finished product.

PestFootnote 2:

Any living organism injurious to plants, plant products or by-products which includes insects, diseases and weeds.

Restricted Access Zone (RAZ):

An area, generally located inside the controlled access zone, where access by people or equipment is further restricted, providing an extra level of protection.

Service providers:

Includes but is not limited to federal and provincial inspectors, delivery personnel, utility providers such as electricians and plumbers, Integrated Pest Management specialists and extension specialists.


Any individual or business that provides inputs for use in a floriculture facility.


A biological, physical or environmental agent that disperses a plant pest.


In this document, the term "visitors" includes any people other than employees who enter a facility, such as suppliers, service providers and customers.
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