Language selection

Search

T-4- 102 - Requirements for fertilizer-pesticides under the Fertilizers Act

This page is part of the Guidance Document Repository (GDR).

Looking for related documents?
Search for related documents in the Guidance Document Repository

Effective October 26, 2020, the amended Fertilizers Regulations are in force. Regulated parties can comply with either the "new" regulations or the "old" regulations for a period of 3 years. This applies to the manufacture, sale, import or export of fertilizers and supplements regulated under the Fertilizers Act.

New regulatory requirements (as of October 26, 2020)

1. Purpose

A fertilizer-pesticide means a fertilizer that is or contains a pesticide.

A pesticide means a pest control product as defined in the Pest Control Products Act.

The purpose of this document is to outline regulatory requirements for fertilizer-pesticides under the Fertilizers Act and regulations which are administered by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

2. Standards

General safety standards applicable to all fertilizers and supplements sold and imported into Canada are described in trade memorandum T-4-93. In addition, a fertilizer-pesticide shall not be or contain a pesticide that does not comply with the requirements of the Pest Control Products Act (PCPA) in respect of the approved use and the application rate for that pesticide.

3. Registration requirements

3.1 Fertilizer-pesticides

A fertilizer-pesticide may require registration under the Fertilizers Act prior to importation or sale depending on the category (end use) of the combination product (customer-formula = exempt vs. commercial packaged product = registerable).

Every application for registration of a fertilizer-pesticide under the Fertilizers Act shall be accompanied by:

  1. Information establishing that the fertilizer-pesticide complies with the provisions of the Pest Control Products Act and its regulations with respect to human, animal or plant health and the environment; and
  2. Any decision the Minister of Health has issued under the Pest Control Products Act with respect to any components that are pesticides

An application for registration of a fertilizer-pesticide will be refused if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the pesticide component does not comply with the requirements of the Pest Control Products Act. Similarly, the President of the Agency may cancel the registration of any fertilizer or supplement if he or she believes that the provisions of the Pest Control Products Act or its regulations have been contravened.

4. Labelling

4.1 Fertilizer-pesticides

General labelling requirements for fertilizers and supplements under the Fertilizers Act and regulations which are also applicable to fertilizer-pesticides are described in Trade Memorandum T-4-130 – Labeling requirements for fertilizers and supplements. In addition to these requirements fertilizer-pesticide labels must contain:

  • Guaranteed analysis that includes the concentration of each pesticide active ingredient as defined in the Pest Control Products Act expressed in accordance with the Pest Control Products Regulations
  • The names of fertilizers that contain a pesticide shall include as a suffix the amount of the active ingredient of the pesticide followed by the name of the pesticide

4.2 Customer-formula fertilizers containing pesticides

A package containing a customer formula fertilizer that has intentionally incorporated in it, or is represented to contain a pesticide shall also be labelled with:

  • the name and address of the manufacturer of the fertilizer
  • a statement setting out any precaution that is necessary to mitigate a risk of harm to human, animal or plant health or the environment (other than pests)
  • the lot number of the fertilizer
  • the guaranteed analysis which shall include the name and concentration of each active ingredient of any pesticide as defined in the Pest Control Products Act and described in accordance with the Pest Control Product Regulations
  • the directions for use
  • the name and address of the person who is to use the fertilizer; and
  • the weight of the fertilizer

5. Compendium of fertilizer-use pesticides

Registrations of fertilizer-pesticide combination products intended for use on lawn and turf were cancelled in January, 2011. The only home and garden fertilizer-pesticides still permissible for use and sale in Canada are products that have only a single active ingredient with both fertilizer and pesticidal properties such as corn gluten meal and ferrous sulphate. These pesticides must still be registered or approved under the PCPA before they can be registered under the Fertilizers Act. Agricultural use fertilizer-pesticide combinations are still permitted. Due to its limited utility, the Compendium of Fertilizer-Use Pesticides (CFUP) was repealed as part of the amendments to the Fertilizers Regulations which came into force October 26th, 2020.

6. Contact information

Fertilizer Safety Section
c/o Pre-market Application Submissions Office (PASO)
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
59 Camelot Drive
Ottawa, ON K1A 0Y9
Canada
Phone: 1-855-212-7695
Fax: 613-773-7115
Email: cfia.paso-bpdpm.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Old regulatory requirements (until October 26, 2023)

September 1997

When manufacturing a fertilizer-pesticide, you may be required to register your product with Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), depending on the usage of this combination.

In all instances, the pesticides used in the combination product must be:

  1. registered under the Pest Control Products Act for control of those pests for which the fertilizer-pesticide product is being recommended.
  2. acceptable for use with a fertilizer according to the Compendium of Fertilizer-Use Pesticides.

If the manufacturer/blender is soliciting sales for a fertilizer-pesticide without an order from the purchaser (example; not a customer-formula) registration is required. This includes fertilizer-pesticides applied by lawn care companies.

On the other hand, if the manufacturer/blender is selling on a customer formula basis (note: customer formula means a fertilizer prepared in accordance with a written formula which sets forth the name, amount and analysis of each ingredient, the fertilizer grade of the total mixture and the signature of the person for whose use for fertilizing purposes it has been prepared), Section 3.1(1) of the Fertilizers Regulations applies:

Exemptions from Registration

3.1(1) "A customer-formula fertilizer containing a pesticide registered under the Pest Control Products Act for the purpose stated on the label is exempt from registration if a copy of the label and the name and address of the customer for whom it was prepared is kept by the manufacturer for not less than one year after the date the fertilizer was prepared".

Customer Formula Fertilizer-Pesticide Labelling

Although customer formula fertilizer-pesticides are exempt from registration, they are subject to labelling requirements under Section 16(4) of the Fertilizers Regulations which states the following:

"Every package containing a customer-formula fertilizer that contains a pesticide or lesser plant nutrient with toxic properties shall have a label affixed to it on which shall be printed:

  1. the name and address of the manufacturer of the fertilizer;
  2. the cautions to be observed in using the fertilizer;
  3. the grade of the fertilizer in the total mixture;
  4. the guaranteed analysis prescribed in Section 15;
  5. the name and amount of each active ingredient of any pesticide in the fertilizer expressed in percent;
  6. the directions for use;
  7. the name and address of the person who is to use the fertilizer for fertilizing purposes; and
  8. the weight of the fertilizer"

The aforementioned labelling information must appear on the shipping bill or on a statement accompanying the shipment for fertilizer that is sold in bulk.

Registered Fertilizer-Pesticides Labelling

A fertilizer-pesticide product that is required to be registered must meet the requirements of the Fertilizers Act and Regulations and the Compendium of Fertilizer-Use Pesticides. The Compendium identifies acceptable fertilizer-pesticide combinations and provides guidelines as to the acceptable levels of active ingredients, approved uses and claims, cautionary/warning and first aid statements, and instructions for the bulk blending of fertilizer-pesticides.

In addition, the labelling requirements under Section 16 of the Fertilizers Regulations include the following:

  1. the name and address of the manufacturer of the fertilizer or of the registrant;
  2. the brand of the fertilizer, if any;
  3. the name of the fertilizer;
  4. the registration number of the fertilizer;
  5. the guaranteed analysis;
  6. the directions for use;
  7. the cautionary statements; and
  8. the weight of the fertilizer

For packaged fertilizer-pesticide products, a label must be affixed to every package in the shipment.

For bulk shipments, the labelling information must appear on the shipping bill or on a statement accompanying the shipment.

Should you have any questions in the matter, please contact the:

Fertilizer Safety Section
c/o Pre-market Application Submissions Office (PASO)
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
59 Camelot Drive
Ottawa, ON K1A 0Y9
Canada
Phone: 1-855-212-7695
Fax: 613-773-7115
Email: cfia.paso-bpdpm.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date modified: