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Old regulations: Guide to Submitting Applications for Registration under the Fertilizers Act

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any substance or mixture of substances, containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium or other plant food, manufactured, sold or represented for use as a plant nutrient.


the ability of a microorganism to cross or evade natural host barriers to infection (to invade and persist in a viable state or multiply within or on an organism, with or without disease manifestation).

Material Safety Data Sheet / Safety Data Sheet (MSDS / SDS):

a comprehensive technical bulletin detailing physicochemical, compositional, first aid, human health and environmental hazard, toxicological, ecological, precautionary, personal protection/exposure control, handling, storage, disposal, firefighting, accidental release, stability and reactivity, transport and regulatory information on a substance or product.

Microbial Toxin:

a substance produced by a microorganism that might have a harmful effect on a host organism, irrespective of the presence of the living microorganism.


a microscopic living organism that is classified in the Bacteria, Archea, Protista (protozoa and algae), Fungi (including yeasts) and Virus (including virus-like particle or sub-viral particle) taxonomic groups.


any disease-producing microorganism.


the ability of a microorganism to infect a host, establish itself and multiply there, and subsequently inflict injury or damage that might or might not lead to death.

Quality Assurance (QA):

maintenance of a desired level of quality in a product by means of attention to every stage in the production process to ensure product deficiencies do not arise when the product is being developed.

Quality Control (QC):

maintenance of standards in manufactured products by testing output samples against the specification to ensure the quality of the final product and to identify deficiencies after a product is developed and before it is released.


any distinguishable kind of organic or inorganic matter, whether animate or inanimate. This definition includes a pure culture of a microorganism. A blend of microorganisms or a microbial product is a mixture of substances rather than an individual substance.


any substance or mixture of substances, other than a fertilizer, that is manufactured, sold or represented for use in the improvement of the physical condition of soils or to aid plant growth or crop yields.


the ability of a substance to cause adverse effects on living plants or animals due to its poisonous (toxic) nature.


the ability of a microorganism to produce a toxin.

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