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New regulations: Guide to submitting applications for registration under the Fertilizers Act
Glossary

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Active ingredient

Means an ingredient of a fertilizer or supplement to which its performance as a fertilizer or supplement is attributed.

Fertilizer

Any substance or mixture of substances, containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium or other plant food, manufactured, sold or represented for use as a plant nutrient.

Infectivity

The ability of a microorganism to cross or evade natural host barriers to infection (to invade and persist in a viable state or multiply within or on an organism, with or without disease manifestation).

Safety data sheet

A comprehensive technical bulletin detailing physicochemical, compositional, first aid, human health and environmental hazard, toxicological, ecological, precautionary, personal protection/exposure control, handling, storage, disposal, firefighting, accidental release, stability and reactivity, transport and regulatory information on a substance or product.

Microbial toxin

A substance produced by a microorganism that might have a harmful effect on a host organism, irrespective of the presence of the living microorganism.

Microorganism

Bacterium, alga, fungus, protozoan, virus, mycoplasma or rickettsia and related organisms.

Pathogen

Any disease-producing microorganism.

Pathogenicity

The ability of a microorganism to infect a host, establish itself and multiply there, and subsequently inflict injury or damage that might or might not lead to death.

Quality Assurance (QA)

Maintenance of a desired level of quality in a product by means of attention to every stage in the production process to ensure product deficiencies do not arise when the product is being developed.

Quality Control (QC)

Maintenance of standards in manufactured products by testing output samples against the specification to ensure the quality of the final product and to identify deficiencies after a product is developed and before it is released.

Substance

Any distinguishable kind of organic or inorganic matter, whether animate or inanimate. This definition includes a pure culture of a microorganism. A blend of microorganisms or a microbial product is a mixture of substances rather than an individual substance.

Supplement

Any substance or mixture of substances, other than a fertilizer, that is manufactured, sold or represented for use in the improvement of the physical condition of soils or to aid plant growth or crop yields.

Toxicity

the ability of a substance to cause adverse effects on living plants or animals due to its poisonous (toxic) nature.

Toxigenicity

The ability of a microorganism to produce a toxin.

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