Poultry Traditional Inspection
- 1.0 Purpose
- 2.0 Authorities
- 3.0 Reference documents
- 4.0 Definitions
- 5.0 Acronyms
- 6.0 Operational procedure
- 7.0 Appendix
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) Inspection Staff on the procedures involved in traditional inspection of poultry.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with other guidance documents as referenced in Section 3.0 since it is limited to information not included in these documents.
The guidance outlined below should be used when verifying compliance with regulatory requirements related to traditional inspection of poultry.
- Safe Food for Canadians Act (SFCA)
- Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (SFCR) 41; 125(1);140;141;145(1)(b); 146; 149(1)&(2);152; 153 and 160
The inspection powers, control actions and enforcement actions authorized by the above legislation are identified and explained in the Operational guideline – Food regulatory response guidelines.
3.0 Reference documents
- Compliance verification system guidance
- Fundamentals of the Post-mortem Defect Management Program
- Appendix: Traditional Inspection Presentation Standards
- Fundamentals of the Post-mortem Examination Program
Unless specified below, definitions are located in either the:
- Safe Food for Canadians Regulations: Glossary of Key Terms
- Integrated Agency Inspection Model (iAIM) - Glossary of Terms (Annex F)
- My CFIA Glossary of Terms
- Compliance Verification System
- Preventive Control Plan
- Modernized Poultry Inspection Program
- Veterinarian with supervisory authority
6.0 Operational guideline
6.1 Post Mortem Inspection/Examination
Operators of poultry slaughtering establishments may choose to operate under the following methods of post mortem inspection:
- Traditional inspection; and
- Modernized Poultry Inspection Program (MPIP)
6.1.1 CVS Task 2.2.06 – CFIA post mortem inspection stations / on-line test areas (Poultry)
Use CVS Task 2.2.06 to verify compliance with the requirements for the CFIA post-mortem inspection stations, when triggered.
6.2 Traditional Inspection Method for Poultry
Under traditional inspection, a CFIA inspector inspects the carcass exterior, the abdominal cavity and the corresponding viscera of each carcass. Only one (1) station is permitted for operators of newly registered poultry abattoirs under traditional inspection.
Operators shall provide one (1) or more competent plant employees, referred to as a helper, who shall be positioned next to each inspector. As directed by the inspector, the helper shall:
- remove identified carcasses and corresponding viscera from the evisceration line for veterinary examination or for disposal;
- remove carcasses with processing defects for off-line salvaging or reprocessing;
- record the reason for rejecting each carcass as instructed by the CFIA inspector; and
- trim abnormal localized conditions and correct minor dressing errors.
Operators wishing to remove condemned poultry legs not under the direct supervision of the post mortem inspectors shall submit a proposal to the Veterinarian with supervisory authority.
6.2.1 CVS Task 1.2.11 – Application of water spray during slaughter (Poultry)
Use CVS Task 1.2.11 to verify compliance of water spray usage during poultry slaughter, as triggered.
6.2.2 CVS Task 1.5.03 Evisceration and Presentation Standards Written Protocol (Poultry MPIP & Traditional) and CVS Task 1.5.04 Evisceration and Presentation Standards Implementation (Poultry MPIP & Traditional)
Use CVS Tasks 1.5.03 and 1.5.04 to verify compliance with the presentation standards at the prescribed frequency identified in CVS.
The inspection staff monitors presentation compliance by performing presentation tests at each inspection station and on each evisceration line, and take appropriate action when the presentation standards are not met as per Appendix: Traditional Inspection Presentation Standards.
The inspection staff must:
- carry out the test required as per Appendix: Traditional Inspection Presentation Standards to assess the presentation of carcasses for inspection; and
- communicate test results and any requirements for corrective measures to appropriate plant personnel.
Reference: Fundamentals of the Post-mortem Examination Program
6.2.3 Line Speeds for Traditional Inspection
Failure by the operator to take effective corrective action may result in line speed reductions imposed by the Veterinarian in Charge.
Reference: MOP Chapter 184.108.40.206.1
For general inquiries related to this Operational Guidance Document, please follow established communication channels, including submitting an electronic Request for Action Form (e-RAF).
Appendix: Traditional Inspection Presentation Standards
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