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Archived - Chapter 4 - Inspection Criteria for a Sugar Bush Establishment
4.1 Building Exterior

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This page was archived due to the coming into force of the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations. Archived information is provided for reference, research or record-keeping purposes only. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. For current information visit Food.

4.1.1 Outside Property and Building


The outside areas and building exteriors are designed built and maintained in such a way as to ensure a quality product that is hygienically prepared to avoid contamination.

Assessment Criteria

Building location

  • located away from environmental contaminants

Roads and surrounding areas

  • free from debris, garbage and pest harborage areas
  • in good condition and accessible to vehicles
  • well drained
  • maintained so as to minimize environmental risks

Design, construction and maintenance of the building

  • all openings protected
  • roof, walls and foundations prevent leaks

Collection system for sap

  • pumping station and tubing that allow for good drainage, such as with an adequate slope
  • ability to withstand repeated cleanings and sanitations
  • covered or adequately protected sap collection reservoirs (collection tank)
  • buckets with covers


  • For cleaning and sanitation of the sap collection system, refer to tasks 4.7.4 Other Areas - Equipment and Utensils Cleanliness and 4.7.5 Sanitation Program.
  • For sap collection buckets and sap collection reservoirs (collection tank) that contain lead, refer to task 4.5.1 Design, Construction and Installation.

Rating I - Examples

  • N/A = Not Applicable

Rating II - Examples

  • Exterior roofs and walls with openings that allow access to contaminants and pest.
  • Debris, garbage, waste and large quantities of stagnant water on the surrounding grounds can house pest and risk that they contaminate the food.

Rating III - Examples

  • Exterior roofs and walls in poor condition, but without openings that allow access to contaminants and pest.
  • Small accumulation of debris, garbage, waste and stagnant water on the grounds surrounding the establishment.
  • Maple sap pumping stations and tubing that do not provide good drainage, particularly due to an inadequate slope.


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