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Labelling requirements for prepackaged water and ice

Prepackaged water can come from a variety of sources including springs, aquifers, or municipal supplies and may be treated to make it fit for people to drink.

Prepackaged water and ice sold in Canada are subject to the provisions of the Safe Food for Canadians Act (SFCA)  and the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (SFCR), as well as those of the Food and Drugs Act (FDA) and the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR).

When sold intraprovincially, prepackaged water and ice are subject to the labelling requirements under the FDA and FDR, as well as specific requirements of the SFCA and the SFCR that apply to prepackaged foods sold in Canada, regardless of the level of trade. Provincial regulations may also have labelling requirements that apply when these products are sold within that province.

Water represented as mineral or spring water has a prescribed standard in Part B, Division 12 of the FDR [B.12.001, FDR]. Part B, Division 12 of the FDR also includes specific microbiological standards, acceptable treatments and specific labelling requirements. Prepackaged spring or mineral water may not be subjected to any treatment that would modify the original composition of the water. It may be treated by the addition of carbon dioxide for carbonation, ozone for disinfection during the bottling process and fluoride for the prevention of dental caries.

The labelling requirements detailed in the following section are specific to water and ice.  Refer to the Industry Labelling Tool for core labelling and voluntary claims and statements requirements that apply to all prepackaged foods.

Note: The information in this section does not apply to drinking water that is not prepackaged, such as municipal water supplies. Health Canada's webpage on Drinking Water provides information on non-prepackaged drinking water.

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