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Method of production claims on food labels

Animal by-product

Animal by-product includes blood or any of its components, bones, bristles, feathers, flesh, hair, hides, hoofs, horns, offal, skins and wool, and anything containing any of those things [2(1), Health of Animals Act].

Animal product

Animal product includes cream, eggs, milk, non-fertilized ova and semen [2(1), Health of Animals Act].


Antibiotic is any drug or combination of drugs such as those named in C.01.410 to C.01.592 which is prepared from certain micro-organisms, or which formerly was prepared from micro-organisms but is now made synthetically and which possesses inhibitory action on the growth of other micro-organisms [C.01.001(1), Food and Drug Regulations].

Antimicrobial agent

Antimicrobial agent means a naturally occurring, semi-synthetic or synthetic substance that exhibits antimicrobial activity (kills or inhibits the growth of micro-organisms) at concentrations attainable in vivo. Anthelmintics and substances classed as disinfectants or antiseptics are excluded from this definition. (OIE: World Organisation for Animal Health)Footnote 3


For the purpose of a grain fed claim, grain includes barley, beans, buckwheat, canola, chick peas, corn, fababeans, flaxseed, lentils, mixed grain, mustard seed, oats, peas, rapeseed, rye, safflower seed, soybeans, sunflower seed, triticale and wheat [Canada Grains Act and Canada Grain Regulations].


Prepare, in respect of a food commodity, includes to process, treat, preserve, handle, test, grade, code or slaughter it or to do any other activity in respect of it that is prescribed [2, SFCA].

The growing and harvesting of any fresh fruits or vegetables are also included under this definition [3, SFCR].

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