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Denomination: 'Metzger'
Botanical Name: ×Triticosecale
Applicant/Holder: Alberta Agriculture and Forestry
Field Crop Development Centre
5030 - 50'th Street
Lacombe, Alberta
T4L 1W8
Breeder: Donald F. Salmon, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development, Lacombe, Alberta
Application Date: 2008-12-19
Application Number: 08-6474
Grant of Rights Date: 2010-12-06
Certificate Number: 3975
Date rights revoked: 2017-12-06

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Luoma', 'Bobcat' and 'Pika'

Summary: 'Metzger' is a hexaploid, winter triticale variety which is taller than 'Bobcat' and shorter than 'Luoma' and 'Pika'. 'Metzger' has medium glaucosity of the spike whereas 'Bobcat' has strong glaucosity. 'Metzger' is tip awned whereas 'Pika' is fully awned. The awns above the tip of the spike of 'Metzger' are longer than those of 'Luoma' and shorter than those of 'Pika'.


COLEOPTILE: no anthocyanin colouration
PLANT AT BOOTING: semi-erect growth habit

FLAG LEAF: erect attitude, medium frequency of plants with recurved/drooping flag leaves, absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration on auricles, medium glaucosity
PLANT AFTER HEADING: early to mid season maturity, medium thickness of pith in cross section
NECK OF CULM: weak curvature, absent or very sparse pubescence

SPIKE: medium density, medium glaucosity, white coloured at maturity, medium width in profile view
AWNS: at tip only, weak anthocyanin colouration
LOWER GLUME: short to medium length first beak, medium length second beak, no hair on external surface
ANTHERS: weak anthocyanin colouration

KERNEL: tan colour, medium size, medium length, midbroad, ovate to elliptic shape, dark phenol reaction

AGRONOMIC TRAITS: good resistance to shattering, good tolerance to drought, good winter survival, medium pre-harvest sprouting tendency

REACTION TO DISEASE: moderately resistant to common root rot (Cochliobolus sativus, Fusarium species), tan spot (Pyrenophora tritici repentis) and ergot (Claviceps purpurea), moderately susceptible to snow mold (Typhula species, Monographella nivalis, Coprinus psychromorbidus, Myriosclerotinia borealis), Septoria tritici blotch (Septoria tritici) and Septoria nodorum blotch (Septoria nodorum), resistant to powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis f.sp. tritici), common bunt (Tilletia caries, Tilletia foetida), loose smut (Ustilago tritici), stem rust (Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici) and stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis) and resistant to moderately resistant to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina).

Origin & Breeding History: 'Metzger' [(which was tested in coop trials as 94D036011 (WT005))] is derived from the cross 93A055/Pika/2/88DL01 conducted at the Field Crop Development Centre, Lacombe in 1994. '93A055' is a Musketeer fall rye cytoplasm winter triticale germplasm introductions from Oregon. '88DL01' is the original reduced awn (awnletted) winter triticale population from which the winter triticale 'Bobcat' was selected. The awnletted characteristic in '88DL01' came from a triticale x spring wheat cross ('RL4137') back-crossed several times to spring and winter triticale. The F2 was grown in the field in 1996 and subjected to selection for degree of awn reduction and winter hardiness. The F3-F4 generations were handled in a classical pedigree (ear to Row) fashion using plant type, degree of awn reduction and winter hardiness as the primary selection criteria. The F6-F9 were subsequently evaluated in winter hardiness and yield trial nurseries at Lacombe, Olds, Trochu, and Stettler AB. 'Metzger' was evaluated in the Winter Triticale Coop Trial from 2004-2007.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Metzger' were conducted during the summers of 2008 and 2009 at Lacombe and Olds, Alberta. Each plot was replicated 4 times and seeded at a rate of 24 seeds per square foot. Plots consisted ot 8 rows, planted 2.5 metres in length and spaced 14 cm apart.

Comparison tables for 'Metzger' with reference varieties 'Luoma', 'Bobcat' and 'Pika'

Plant height (cm)

  'Metzger' 'Luoma' 'Bobcat' 'Pika'
mean 112 123 97 128
std. deviation 8 4 7 6

Length of awns above tip of spike (mm)

  'Metzger' 'Luoma' 'Bobcat' 'Pika'
mean 10 N/A N/A 40
std. deviation 5 N/A N/A 5

Click on image for larger view
Triticale: 'Metzger' (centre) with reference varieties 'Pika' (left) and 'Luoma' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Triticale: 'Metzger' (right) with reference varieties 'Pika' (centre, left) and 'Luoma' (centre, right)

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