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CDC Sanctuary


Denomination: 'CDC Sanctuary'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'FP2242'
Botanical Name: Linum usitatissimum
Applicant/Holder: University of Saskatchewan
Crop Development Centre
4D36 Agriculture Building, 51 Campus Drive
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7N 5A8
Breeder: Gordon Rowland, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Agent in Canada: SeCan Association
400-300 Terry Fox Drive
Kanata, Ontario
K2K 0E3
Tel: 613-592-8600 ext.223
Application Date: 2009-04-24
Application Number: 09-6634
Grant of Rights Date: 2012-03-08
Certificate Number: 4298
Date rights surrendered: 2023-03-08

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'CDC Bethune' and 'CDC Sorrel'

Summary: The plants and stems of 'CDC Sanctuary' are taller than those of 'CDC Bethune'. 'CDC Sanctuary' flowers later than 'CDC Bethune'. The distal end of the filament of 'CDC Sanctuary' is white whereas it is blue on 'CDC Bethune'. The distal end of the style and the stigma of 'CDC Sanctuary' are blue whereas they are white on 'CDC Sorrel'.


HYPOCOTYL: weak to medium intensity of anthocyanin colouration

FLOWER: absent or very weak sepal dotting, blue-violet colour of crown at bud stage, flattened disk shape, medium to large sized corolla, blue corolla, no longitudinal folding of the petals
STAMEN: blue anthers
FILAMENT: white at distal and basal ends
STIGMA: pale blue
STYLE: blue at distal and basal ends

BOLL: medium size, ciliation of the false septa present, indehiscent
SEED: dark brown, medium size

AGRONOMY: early to mid-season maturity, good resistance to shattering, capsule loss and lodging, low capability to produce basal branching

Origin & Breeding History: 'CDC Sanctuary' was developed by the Crop Development Centre, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The cross between 'CDC Bethune' and 'FP2006' was made in the Phytotron of the College of Agriculture in 1998 and the F1 was raised in the Phytotron. 'FP2006' arose from the cross 'Flanders' / 'FP908'. The F2 population was grown at the Kernen Crop Research Farm in 1999 and advanced using the pedigree system from the F3 (2000) through F5 (2002). Selection at each generation was primarily for vigour of stand, maturity, oil concentration and iodine value. From 2003 through 2005, the line was evaluated as F03154 in replicated yield trials in Saskatchewan. It was entered into the Flax Cooperative Test in 2006 as FP2242 and tested through to 2008.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted in 2009 and 2010 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Trials consisted of 2 replications of each variety in a randomized complete block design (RCBD). There were 7 rows per replicate with a row length of 3.66 meters with 18 cm between rows (5.2 square meters). The trials were seeded on May 21 and 20 respectively. Measured characteristics were based on 20 measurements.

Comparison tables for 'CDC Sanctuary' with reference varieties 'CDC Bethune' and 'CDC Sorrel'

Natural plant height including branches (cm)

  'CDC Sanctuary' 'CDC Bethune' 'CDC Sorrel'
mean (2009) 60.65 55.30 59.95
std. deviation (2009) 4.90 3.15 3.39
mean (2010) 59.60 53.00 67.45
std. deviation (2010) 2.62 2.58 3.38

Stem length

  'CDC Sanctuary' 'CDC Bethune' 'CDC Sorrel'
mean (2009) 36.60 30.75 35.05
std. deviation (2009) 3.35 2.65 3.43
mean (2010) 43.30 36.45 46.30
std. deviation (2010) 1.49 2.67 2.32

Days to flowering

  'CDC Sanctuary' 'CDC Bethune' 'CDC Sorrel'
mean (2009) 59 56 59
mean (2010) 53 51 52

Days to boll maturity

  'CDC Sanctuary' 'CDC Bethune' 'CDC Sorrel'
mean (2009) 99 100 101
mean (2010) 103 97 104

Linolenic acid content (% of oil)

  'CDC Sanctuary' 'CDC Bethune' 'CDC Sorrel'
2009 59.5 57.1 59.6
2010 60.4 56.8 59.7

Click on image for larger view
CDC Sanctuary
Flax: 'CDC Sanctuary' (right) with reference varieties 'CDC Bethune' (left) and 'CDC Sorrel' (centre)

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