Language selection



Crab Apple

Denomination: 'Javid'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'SJC5791-01'
Botanical Name: Malus hupehensis
Applicant/Holder: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Horticulture Research & Development Centre
430, boulevard Gouin, P.O. Box 457
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
J3B 3E6
Breeder: Shahrokh Khanizadeh, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
Agent in Canada: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
107 Science Place
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7N 0X2
Tel: (306) 203-1383
Application Date: 2008-04-24
Application Number: 08-6307
Grant of Rights Date: 2010-08-30
Certificate Number: 3936
Date rights surrendered: 2022-08-30

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Royal Beauty'

Summary: 'Javid' has a spreading branching habit while it is weeping for 'Royal Beauty'. The dormant one-year-old shoot of 'Javid' has absent to very weak pubescence and shine of the bark on the upper half while it is medium pubescence and weak for 'Royal Beauty'. The dormant one-year-old shoot of 'Javid' has medium flexibility while it is strong for 'Royal Beauty'. 'Javid' has small few lenticels while in 'Royal Beauty' the lenticels are large and medium in number. 'Javid' has a large lateral bud with a small support on the dormant one-year-old shoot while the lateral bud is medium size with medium support for 'Royal Beauty'. The shoot tip leaves of 'Javid' have absent or very weak pubescence on the upper side while it is medium for 'Royal Beauty'. 'Javid' has a green leaf while the leaf of 'Royal Beauty' is purple to purple-green. The colour of the leaf of 'Javid' before leaf fall is yellow while it is reddish-purple and green for 'Royal Beauty'. 'Javid' bud burst and time of beginning of flowering is later than 'Royal Beauty'. The flower petals of 'Javid' are predominantly white with irregular patterns of purple-pink around the margins while for 'Royal Beauty' they are reddish-purple. The fruit of 'Javid' has a greenish flesh while it is reddish for 'Royal Beauty'. 'Javid' has better fruit setting ability than 'Royal Beauty'. 'Javid' has better resistance to scab than 'Royal Beauty'.


TREE: ornamental type, intermediate vigour, spreading branching habit, medium branching frequency, hardy to zone 5A, extremely good ability to set fruit
ONE-YEAR-OLD SHOOT: absent to very weak pubescence on the upper half, absent to very weak shine to the bark, medium flexibility, lenticels few and small sized, predominantly reddish-brown on the sunny side, large lateral bud, pointed bud tip, the position of the bud relative to axis is adpressed to slightly held out, small bud support

SHOOT TIP LEAF: reddish-purple, concave to straight shape in cross-section, absent to very weak pubescence on the upper side, lower side green,
LEAF: no lobes, large, orientation upwards to outwards, medium length/width ratio, acuminate apex, crenate margin, weak glossiness on upper side, no pubescence on lower side, strong anthocyanin colouration of veins, dark green, yellow colour before leaf fall, medium stipule size, late time of leaf fall

FLOWER: late bud burst, late beginning of flowering, white coloured bud with irregular patterns of purple-pink at the full balloon stage, green pedicel, single type
PETALS: oblong shape, overlapping, mainly white on upper and lower sides with purple-pink (RHS 58A) around the margins

FRUIT: very small diameter, globose, symmetric in side view, very weak ribbing present, no crowning at distal end, persistence of calyx absent, very long persistence
EYE BASIN: aperture of eye closed to half opened, small eye, absent to very shallow, very narrow
STALK: thin, very long
STALK CAVITY: very shallow, narrow
FRUIT SKIN: smooth surface, no bloom, weak to medium waxiness, no translucency, thick, no ground colour, very high amount of dark red solid over colour, absent or very low amount of russet around eye basin, small lenticels that are non prominent or very slightly prominent
FRUIT FLESH: greenish colour, absent or very weak distinctness of core line when looked at in cross-section, aperture of locules in cross section are opened
SEED: light brown, normal shape

DISEASE RESISTANCE: resistant to scab (Venturia inaequalis)

Origin & Breeding History: 'Javid' (experimental designations 'SJC5791-01', 'PGO-14') was discovered as an open pollinated seedling of a Malus hupehensis tree in the Botanical Garden in Greilswald, Germany, and then shipped to Ottawa in 1959. It has been under evaluation since 1976 in St-Jean-sur-Richelieu after it was shipped from Ottawa when the program was terminated there. The first selection was done in 1995 in Frelighsburg, Quebec, based on disease/pest susceptibility and winter hardiness. Final selection was done in 1999 based on resistance to scab.

Tests & Trials: Tests and trials were conducted in L'Acadie, Quebec in 2008. There were 9 trees of 'Javid' and 4 of 'Royal Beauty' in trial. Trees were spaced 1.5 metres apart within the row with rows being spaced 5 metres apart.

Click on image for larger view
Crab Apple: 'Javid' with reference variety 'Royal Beauty' (left)

Date modified: