Language selection




Denomination: 'Cupid'
Previously Proposed Denomination: 'SK7-32-19.1'
Botanical Name: Prunus fruticosa x P. cerasus
Applicant/Holder: University of Saskatchewan
Crop Development Centre
4D36 Agriculture Building, 51 Campus Drive
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7N 5A8
Breeder: Robert H. Bors, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Application Date: 2002-12-16
Application Number: 02-3388
Grant of Rights Date: 2014-08-19
Certificate Number: 4853
Grant of Rights Termination Date: 2032-08-19

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Carmine Jewel'

Summary: The plant growth habit of 'Cupid' is semi-upright whereas 'Carmine Jewel' is spreading. The leaf blades of 'Cupid' are longer and wider than those of 'Carmine Jewel'. The fruit of 'Cupid' is very large and reniform in shape whereas that of 'Carmine Jewel' is small and circular. The stone of 'Cupid' is medium sized and narrow elliptic in shape whereas it is small and broad elliptic in 'Carmine Jewel'. 'Cupid' begins ripening early to mid-season whereas 'Carmine Jewel' ripens very early.


PLANT: semi-upright and bushy growth habit, grows on own roots, low to medium vigour, medium branching, buds distributed along entire branch, begins flowering mid to late season, begins fruit ripening early to mid-season
YOUNG SHOOT: normal length of internode

LEAF: medium to large length/width ratio, medium green on upper surface, medium glossiness
PETIOLE: weak anthocyanin on upper side, medium ratio of leaf blade/petiole length, nectaries present

FLOWER: irregular arrangement
PETAL: free arrangement of petals, broad obovate shape

FRUIT: very large, reniform shape in ventral view, flat at pistil end
FRUIT STALK: medium thickness, anthocyanin colouration present, abscission layer present between stalk and fruit
FRUIT SKIN: blackish
FRUIT FLESH: brown red, medium firmness, low to medium acidity, medium to high sweetness, medium juiciness
FRUIT JUICE: medium red

STONE: medium size, narrow elliptic shape in ventral view, large ratio of weight of fruit flesh to weight of stone

Origin & Breeding History: 'Cupid' arose from the cross, 'Egbert Centre' and 'Kelleris 14', made in 1992 as part of the Fruit Breeding and Research Program of the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Progeny was collected from the original cross, was stratified and container grown, then field planted on their own rootstock in the spring of 1994. Advanced selection status took place in 1999. Selection criteria included productivity, winter hardiness, extent of suckering, ease of fruit removal and fruit quality characteristics.

Tests & Trials: The tests and trials for 'Cupid' were planted in 2004 at the University of Saskatchewan, Horticulture Fields, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Forty bushes were planted in rows, spaced 1.5 metres apart in the row with a row spacing alternating between 3 and 4 metres. The data for the measured characteristics was collected during the 2009 and 2012 growing seasons. Measured characteristics were based on 30 measurements per variety per year.

Comparison tables for 'Cupid' with reference variety 'Carmine Jewel'

Leaf blade length (cm)

  'Cupid' 'Carmine Jewel'
mean 8.1 5.4
std. deviation 0.81 1.00

Leaf blade width (cm)

  'Cupid' 'Carmine Jewel'
mean 3.4 2.6
std. deviation 0.39 0.39

Leaf petiole length (cm)

  'Cupid' 'Carmine Jewel'
mean 2.0 1.2
std. deviation 0.15 0.16

Fruit stalk length (cm)

  'Cupid' 'Carmine Jewel'
mean 4.7 3.7
std. deviation 0.54 0.51

Click on image for larger view
Cherry: 'Cupid' (bottom left) with reference variety 'Carmine Jewel' (centre middle)

Click on image for larger view
Cherry: 'Cupid' (bottom right) with reference variety 'Carmine Jewel' (top right)

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