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Denomination: 'G15104'
Trade name: Vanilla Butterfly Improved
Botanical Name: Argyranthemum frutescens
Applicant/Holder: GardenGenetics LLC
131 Mendel's Way
Bellefonte, Pennsylvania
United States of America
Breeder: Irene E. Palmer, Bellefonte, United States of America
Michael S. Uchneat, Uchneat, Micheal S., Bellefonte, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-317-7511
Application Date: 2017-10-23
Provisional Protection:: 2017-10-23
Application Number: 17-9313
Grant of Rights Date: 2019-10-31
Certificate Number: 6080
Date rights surrendered: 2020-10-28

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Butterfly' and 'G14420' (Pure White Butterfly)

Summary: The plants of 'G15104' are taller than the plants of 'Butterfly' and 'G14420'. The curvature of the longitudinal axis of the ray floret for 'G15104' is reflexed while it is straight for both reference varieties. The ray floret of 'G15104' is narrower than the ray floret of both reference varieties. The inner side of the ray floret of 'G15104' is yellow green and white, while the ray floret of 'Butterfly' is yellow when newly open, yellow green with yellow at the base when fully open and yellow green when aged and the ray floret of 'G14420' is always white.


PLANT: upright to rounded growth habit, medium to dense

STEM: no anthocyanin colouration

LEAF (UPPER SIDE): medium green
LATERAL LOBE OF LEAF: medium to deep marginal incisions

FLOWER HEAD: semi-double type, medium number of ray florets
RAY FLORET: reflexed along longitudinal axis
RAY FLORET (INNER SIDE): yellow green (RHS 1D) with white (RHS NN155A)
DISC: yellow orange

Origin & Breeding History: 'G15104' was bred and developed by the breeders, Irene E. Palmer and Michael S. Uchneat, both employees of GardenGenetics LLC, Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, USA. It originated from an induced mutation of the variety 'Butterfly' on May 29, 2014. 'G15104' was selected on the basis of flower colour, colour stability and flower size in August 2014. Asexual reproduction of 'G15104' was first conducted by vegetative cuttings on November 17, 2014, in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, USA.

Tests & Trials: The comparative trial for 'G15104' was conducted in a polyhouse during the spring and summer of 2018 at Bioflora Inc., in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included a total of 20 plants each of the candidate and reference varieties. The plants were grown from rooted cuttings and transplanted into 11.5 cm pots on April 09, 2018. The observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants or 10 parts of plants, of each variety, on June 14, 2018. All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'G15104' with reference varieties 'Butterfly' and 'G14420'

Plant height (cm)

  'G15104' 'Butterfly' 'G14420'
mean 62.9 48.4 51.2
std. deviation 3.14 4.70 4.02

Ray floret width (cm)

  'G15104' 'Butterfly' 'G14420'
mean 0.7 0.8 0.8
std. deviation 0.05 0.05 0.05

Colour of inner side of ray floret (RHS)

  'G15104' 'Butterfly' 'G14420'
newly open 1D,NN155A 3A N155D
fully open 1D,NN155A 4C with 4A at base N155D
aged 1D,NN155A 4C N155D

Click on image for larger view
Argyranthemum: 'G15104' (left) with reference varieties 'Butterfly' (centre) and 'G14420' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Argyranthemum: 'G15104' (left) with reference varieties 'Butterfly' (centre) and 'G14420' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Argyranthemum: 'G15104' (left) with reference varieties 'Butterfly' (centre) and 'G14420' (right)

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