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Denomination: 'Bonmadcrio'
Trade name: Madeira Crested Violet
Botanical Name: Argyranthemum
Applicant/Holder: Bonza Botanicals Pty., Ltd.
244 Singles Ridge Road
Yellow Rock, New South Wales
Breeder: Andrew Berneutz, Silverdale, Australia
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-317-7511
Application Date: 2006-03-09
Application Number: 06-5278
Date Withdrawn: 2008-06-06

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'OHMADSAVI' (Madeira Violet)

Summary: 'Bonmadcrio' has shorter plants and shorter lateral lobes of the leaf blade than 'OHMADSAVI'. The flowers of 'Bonmadcrio' are semi-double type while those of 'OHMADSAVI' are double. The upper side of the ray florets of 'Bonmadcrio' is dark red purple fading to purple as it ages while for 'OHMADSAVI', it is purple with a white base fading to purple to blue pink. After dehiscence, the inner enlarged disc florets are white for 'Bonmadcrio' while they are white with a blue pink tip for 'OHMADSAVI'.


PLANT: upright bushy growth habit, short to medium height, medium width, medium to dense foliage

LEAF BLADE: medium length, narrow to medium width, attenuate base, cuspidate apex, medium blue green

PEDUNCLE: short, medium thickness
FLOWER: medium diameter, semi-double
RAY FLORET: average of 21.6 per flower, straight along longitudinal axis, medium length, medium to wide, 1.6:1 ratio of length to width, dark red purple on upper side before dehiscence, purple overlaid with darker purple on upper side after dehiscence and when aged, purple red on lower side
FLORET DISC: dark purple red before dehiscence, after dehiscence the inner enlarged disc florets are white and the outer enlarged disc florets are dark purple red to purple with a white base

Origin & Breeding History: 'Bonmadcrio' originated as part of a controlled breeding program from a cross conducted on August 15, 2003 at Yellow Rock in New South Wales, Australia. The female parent was a priority breeding selection designated '03-75', characterized by its' anemone flower form, deep pink flowers with white ring of centre florets, medium green foliage and upright, uneven growth habit. The male parent was another proprietary breeding selection designated '03-36', characterized by its' single flower form, dark red flowers, medium green foliage and compact growth habit. Initial selection of 'Bonmadcrio' was made on May 4, 2004 based on its' flower colour, flower form, flower size, early flowering and less fading of flower colour in comparison to other varieties with similar colouring.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Bonmadcrio' were conducted in a polyhouse during the spring of 2007 at BioFlora Inc. in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trials included 15 plants per variety. Rooted cuttings were transplanted into 15 cm pots on March 23, 2007. Measured characteristics were based on measurements taken from 10 plants or parts of plants on June 8, 2007. All colour determinations were made using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Bonmadcrio' with reference variety 'OHMADSAVI'

Plant height (cm)

  'Bonmadcrio' 'OHMADSAVI'
mean 19.2 28.8
std. deviation 1.63 1.62

Leaf blade lateral lobe length (cm)

  'Bonmadcrio' 'OHMADSAVI'
mean 1.6 2.3
std. deviation 0.40 0.24

Colour of upper side of ray floret (RHS)

  'Bonmadcrio' 'OHMADSAVI'
before dehiscence 60A-B 61B with 61A tones and white base
after dehiscence 70B overlaid with strong 71B 64B-C

Colour of ray floret (RHS)

  'Bonmadcrio' 'OHMADSAVI'
lower side closest to 59D closest to 70C-D & darker along veins

Colour of floret disc (RHS)

  'Bonmadcrio' 'OHMADSAVI'
before dehiscence 185A 7A

Colour of enlarged disc florets after dehiscence (RHS)

  'Bonmadcrio' 'OHMADSAVI'
outer 59B-C with 155B base 61C aging to white
inner 155A 155B with 64C tip

Click on image for larger view
Argyranthemum: 'Bonmadcrio' (left) with reference variety 'OHMADSAVI' (right)

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