Language selection




Denomination: 'SJP84-5198'
Previously Proposed Denomination: '5198'
Botanical Name: Malus
Applicant/Holder: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu
Horticulture Research & Development Centre
430, boulevard Gouin, P.O. Box 457
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
J3B 3E6
Breeder: Shahrokh Khanizadeh, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
Agent in Canada: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada
Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization
107 Science Place
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
S7N 0X2
Tel: (306) 203-1383
Application Date: 2003-05-22
Application Number: 03-3691
Grant of Rights Date: 2007-09-18
Certificate Number: 2916
Date rights surrendered: 2015-09-03

Variety Description

Varieties used for comparison: 'Malling 26' and 'Ottawa 3'

Summary: 'SJP84-5198' is an apple rootstock variety which produces more basal shoots in the stool bed than both reference varieties and has a lower tendency to produce suckers than 'Malling 26'. The dormant one-year-old shoots of 'SJP84-5198' are less flexible with smaller lenticels than those of 'Malling 26'. The growing tip of the shoot is white for 'SJP84-5198' while it is red for 'Ottawa 3'. Pubescence of the upper side of the shoot tip leaves is dense for 'SJP84-5198' while it is very sparse for 'Ottawa 3'. 'SJP84-5198' has larger leaves than 'Malling 26' and smaller leaves than 'Ottawa 3'. The orientation of leaves of 'SJP84-5198' is downwards while it is outwards for 'Malling 26' and upwards to outwards for 'Ottawa 3'. Pubescence on the lower side of the leaves is very sparse for 'SJP84-5198' while it is dense for 'Malling 26'. Bud burst occurs earlier for 'SJP84-5198' than either reference variety. 'SJP84-5198' has a larger flower diameter than 'Malling 26'. 'SJP84-5198' produces fruit which is symmetrical in side view and smaller than that of 'Malling 26' whose fruit is asymmetrical in side view. The fruit of 'SJP84-5198' has weaker ribbing than that of 'Ottawa 3'.'SJP84-5198' has a deeper and narrower eye basin than 'Ottawa 3'. The fruit stalk of 'SJP84-5198' is thicker and shorter than that of 'Ottawa 3' and thinner and longer than that of 'Malling 26'. 'SJP84-5198' has a more shallow and narrower stalk cavity than 'Ottawa 3'. The surface of the fruit is hammered to bumpy for 'SJP84-5198' while it is smooth for the reference varieties. 'SJP84-5198' has a greater amount of skin over colour than 'Malling 26'. The colour of the fruit flesh is yellowish for 'SJP84-5198' while it is white for 'Malling 26' and cream for 'Ottawa 3'.


TREE: end use as clonal rootstock, absent to very low tendency to produce suckers, poor root anchorage, dwarfing effect

BASAL SHOOTS IN STOOL BED: intermediate vigour to vigourous, medium in number, straight

DORMANT ONE-YEAR-OLD SHOOT: dense to very dense pubescence on upper half, weak shine of bark, weak flexibility, moderate number to many medium sized lenticels, predominantly reddish brown on sunny side
LATERAL BUD: small to medium in size, pointed tip, adpressed position relative to axis of shoot, small support

SHOOT TIP LEAVES: concave to straight in cross section, dense pubescence on upper side, pale green on lower side
LEAVES: no lobes, medium in size, downwards orientation, acute and cuspidate apex, biserrate margin, glossiness on upper side absent, very sparse pubescence on lower side, weak anthocyanin colouration of veins, medium green upper side, absent to very weak anthocyanin colouration of upper side, medium sized stipules

FLOWER BUD: vivid, medium pink at full balloon stage
FLOWERS: single type, green pedicel
PETALS: circular to broad ovate in shape, overlapping margins, purple red (RHS 58A) blush on upper side, irregular patterns of purple red (RHS 58A) on lower side

FRUIT: very small, flat to flat globose in shape, symmetric in side view, very weak to weak ribbing, no crowning at distal end, small eye with closed to open aperture, non-persistent and persistent calyx in mature fruit, short sepals, touching at base of sepals, eye basin is narrow to medium in width and medium deep, thin and long stalk, narrow and medium deep stalk cavity
FRUIT SURFACE: hammered to bumpy, moderate amount of bloom, no translucency, yellow ground colour, low to medium amount (20 to 60%) of orange red over colour, washed out over colour, absent to low amount of russet positioned around stalk cavity, small to medium sized lenticels, slightly prominent lenticels
FRUIT IN CROSS-SECTION: absent to very weak core line, yellowish flesh, aperture of locules open to closed

SEED: grey brown at maturity, ranging from globose and conical to obtuse in shape

REACTION TO DISEASES: resistant to scab (Venturia inaequalis (Cooke) Winter)
REACTION TO INSECTS: resistant to woolly apple aphid (Eriosoma lanigerum Hausmann)

Origin & Breeding History: 'SJP84-5198' originated from a cross between 'Robusta 5' and 'Malling 27' ('Malling 13' x 'Malling 9'). The cross was conducted in 1975 at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec as part of the AAFC Apple and Rootstock Breeding Program. 'SJP84-5198' was selected based on its winter hardiness, ease of propagation, pest resistance and disease resistance. It has been evaluated on an ongoing basis since 1984 in several locations including Frelighsburg, Mont-Saint-Grégoire, l'Acadie and Dunham, Québec.

Tests & Trials: The test and trial for 'SJP84-5198' was conducted within stool beds and self rooted orchards at l'Acadie Research Sub Station of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in l'Acadie, Quebec during the summers of 2000 and 2003. The trial included 3-4 root stocks of each variety and 4 self rooted trees of the candidate variety, 5 self rooted trees of reference variety 'Malling 26' and 8 self rooted trees of reference variety 'Ottawa 3'. All colour characteristics were determined using the 2001 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) colour chart and measured characteristics were based on ten measurements except for the measured leaf characteristics of 'Malling 26', which were base on 8 measurements.

Comparison table for 'SJP84-5198' with reference varieties 'Malling 26' and 'Ottawa 3'

Flower diameter (cm)

  'SJP84-5198' 'Malling 26' 'Ottawa 3'
mean 5.40 4.30 5.56
std. deviation 0.3 0.2 0.4

Click on image for larger view
Apple: 'SJP84-5198'

Click on image for larger view
Apple: Reference variety 'Ottawa 3'

Click on image for larger view
Apple: Reference variety 'Malling 26'

Date modified: