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Denomination: 'Balarcwite'
Trade name: Archangel White
Botanical Name: Angelonia angustifolia
Applicant/Holder: Ball Horticultural Company
622 Town Road
West Chicago, Illinois
United States of America
Breeder: Ellen Leue, Pan American Seed Co., Elburn, United States of America
Agent in Canada: BioFlora Inc.
38723 Fingal Line
R.R. #1
St. Thomas, Ontario
N5P 3S5
Tel: 519-317-7511
Application Date: 2011-03-22
Application Number: 11-7227
Date Withdrawn: 2013-09-23

Variety Description

Variety used for comparison: 'Anwhitim' (Angelface White)

Summary: The leaf of 'Balarcwite' is shorter than the leaf of 'Anwhitim'. The upper side of the leaf of 'Balarcwite' is dark green while the leaf of 'Anwhitim' is medium green. The flower chamber of 'Balarcwite' is shorter in length than the flower chamber of 'Anwhitim'. The flower chamber of 'Balarcwite' has weak yellow green markings that are medium in density while the flower chamber of 'Anwhitim' has no markings.


PLANT: upright growth habit, absent or very weak anthocyanin colouration in shoot below inflorescence

LEAF: upper side dark green with medium glossiness

COROLLA: lobes with medium reflexing, no stripes, upper and lower lip white (RHS NN155D), lower lip with weak undulation of margin
FLOWER CHAMBER: broader than long, markings yellow green, markings weak in intensity and medium in density
FLOWER POUCH: yellow green

Origin & Breeding History: The variety 'Balarcwite' originated from a cross pollination conducted in November 2005 at Elburn, Illinois, USA. The female parent was a proprietary breeding selection designated 355-2, characterized by its light lavender-blue coloured flowers, medium green foliage, low vigour and semi-upright growth habit. The male parent was a proprietary breeding selection, designated 1549, characterized by its white coloured flowers, dark green foliage and vigorous upright growth habit. The initial selection was made in December 2006 based on its semi-upright growth habit, very large flowers and earliness to flower. Asexual propagation since that time has been through the use of vegetative cuttings.

Tests & Trials: Trials for 'Balarcwite' were conducted in a polyhouse during the summer of 2012 in St. Thomas, Ontario. The trial included a total of 15 plants each of the candidate and reference varieties. All plants were grown from rooted cuttings and transplanted into 15 cm pots on May 16, 2012. Observations and measurements were taken from 10 plants of each variety on July 3, 2012. All colour determinations were made using the 2007 Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) Colour Chart.

Comparison tables for 'Balarcwite' with reference variety 'Anwhitim'

Leaf length (cm)

  'Balarcwite' 'Anwhitim'
mean 6.6 10.4
std. deviation 0.34 0.61

Length of chamber (cm)

  'Balarcwite' 'Anwhitim'
mean 7.6 9.3
std. deviation 0.52 0.48

Click on image for larger view
Angelonia: 'Balarcwite' (left) with reference variety 'Anwhitim' (right)

Click on image for larger view
Angelonia: 'Balarcwite' (left) with reference variety 'Anwhitim' (right)

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