Memorandum 2022-01: Criteria to waive laboratory animal batch safety testing for veterinary vaccines
59 Camelot Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0Y9
Date: February 10, 2022
To: Manufacturers and Importers of Licensed Veterinary Biologics
This memorandum serves to inform you that the Canadian Centre for Veterinary Biologics (CCVB), Canadian Food Inspection Agency, will consider requests for a waiver to the laboratory animal batch safety test (LABST) for veterinary vaccines licensed in Canada.
The International Cooperation on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Veterinary Medicinal Products (VICH) Steering Committee recently finalized guideline "Harmonisation of Criteria to Waive Laboratory Animal Batch Safety Testing for Vaccines for Veterinary Use" (VICH GL 59 - PDF (385 kb)).
The laboratory animal batch safety test (LABST) for veterinary vaccines is normally performed by administering a proportional dose of each batch or serial of the vaccine to mice or guinea pigs in accordance with the Canadian Health of Animals Regulations, Section 120.4(1)(e), or similar regulatory framework, and Section V.B. of the approved Outline of Production. Safety testing is required for each batch or serial and, as such, veterinary vaccine manufacturers may use a significant number of animals. The VICH guideline outlines a process by which the LABST may be waived for a veterinary vaccine meeting specific criteria and, thereby, reducing or eliminating the use of animals.
The CCVB is committed to the 3Rs (replacing, refining and reducing the number of animals in testing) and has adopted this guideline for implementation in Canada. The CCVB will consider a request for a waiver to the LABST for fully licensed veterinary vaccines with a documented history of safe use.
Applying for a Waiver to the LABST
The CCVB will consider requests for a waiver if the following are met:
- The product has a documented history of acceptable safety.
- The product is manufactured and tested following recognized quality principles in a consistent and appropriate manner.
- The product is manufactured from approved master seed and/or cell stocks in a seed lot system.
Canadian and Foreign, Non-U.S. (United States) Manufactured Vaccines
Requests for waivers to LABST will be reviewed on a product-by-product basis. Each request for a waiver to the LABST should include the following information:
- A summary of the manufacturing controls for maintaining serial-to-serial consistency in purity, potency, safety and efficacy.
- A summary of at least 10 consecutive recently-manufactured serials since licensing, and the total number of serials failed and reasons for failure. A justification is required should 10 consecutively-manufactured serials not be available.
- A summary of pharmacovigilance data, including frequency and severity of the suspected adverse events, to demonstrate consistent safe performance of the vaccine in the field.
- Complete Outline of Production with a revision to Section V.B.
- An Application for Services form (CFIA/ACIA 4720) and fees for a revision to the Outline of Production.
U.S. (United States) Manufactured Vaccines
For veterinary vaccines manufactured by a U.S. manufacturer and fully licensed for use and distribution in Canada the CCVB will recognize waivers to the LABST issued by the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) Center for Veterinary Biologics (CVB).
Canadian Manufactured Vaccines, For Export Only
A request for a waiver to the LABST for a Canadian-manufactured vaccine, licensed for export only, must first be granted by the importing country’s regulatory authority. The application package should include the following information:
- Correspondence from the regulatory authority of the importing country granting the LABST waiver. If the product is exported to more than one country, then a letter from each country’s regulatory authority must be filed with the CCVB.
- Complete Outline of Production with a revision to section V.B.
- An Application for Services form (CFIA/ACIA 4720) and fees for a revision to the Outline of Production
Exceptions to the Application Process
The CCVB will not consider waivers to the LABST for:
- Conditionally licensed veterinary vaccines
- Autogenous vaccines
- Prescription products
Suspension of Waivers to the LABST
The CCVB may suspend a waiver to the LABST for a product in the following situations:
- Assessment of pharmacovigilance data for the product raises safety concerns.
- Observations of non-conformances during inspection of the manufacturer.
- Observations of non-conformances during the review of batch release documentation.
- Any changes to product manufacturing such as, but not limited to, changes to the master seed, site transfers, processes or equipment, that CCVB assesses as at risk of compromising the product safety.
Please contact our office if you have any questions about this Memorandum.
Gita Malik-Dahiya, DVM, MVSc, PhD
Canadian Centre for Veterinary Biologics
Animal Feed and Veterinary Biologics Division
- Date modified: