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National Scrapie Eradication Program

The goal of Canada's National Scrapie Eradication Program (NSEP) is to eliminate classical scrapie from the national sheep flock and goat herd. This protects animal health and maintains confidence in Canada's sheep and goat industries around the world.

Our approach

Our internationally recognized and science-based approach includes:

At the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), we impose strict regulations on the import of animals and animal products from countries where scrapie is known to occur. These regulations are enforced through port-of-entry inspections done either by us or the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).

Our response to an outbreak of scrapie

At the CFIA, when we confirm a scrapie-positive test result, we initiate science-based, internationally recognized disease control actions right away. They usually include the following:

Owners whose animals are ordered destroyed may be eligible for compensation.

Genetic resistance to scrapie

Sheep of certain genetic types are less likely to become infected with scrapie. A blood or tissue test can determine the genetic susceptibility of a sheep to scrapie. Producers who want to minimize the risk of scrapie in their sheep flock can consider selective breeding for genetic resistance to scrapie.

Information released in 2021 indicated there are certain genotypes in goats that may be more resistant to scrapie. Goat producers may also start selectively breeding for scrapie resistance in their herd.

Alternatively, sheep producers and goat producers can:

Specific efforts towards managing the risk of scrapie on individual premises can be recognized through formal participation in the Scrapie Flock Certification Programs (SFCP).

In the absence of adopting specific measures to minimize the risk of scrapie on their farm, we encourage producers to set up general good management and biosecurity practices such as:

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