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Information for travellers: Restrictions on poultry and birds from the United States

The below information is intended for travelers and cross-border shoppers only. It does not apply to commercial shipments of products or by-products that enter Canada with documentation from official veterinarians from the United States. Commercial importers should refer to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) Automated Import Reference System (AIRS) for more information.

Due to the occurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), the CFIA has restricted the import of live, fresh, raw, or unprocessed poultry products or by-products from any U.S. state currently experiencing an outbreak.

The current list of affected states as of 2022-12-02 is:

What is allowed

As of September 19, 2022, retail packaged AND fully cooked poultry products are acceptable for import from any U.S. state, regardless of outbreak status. The label may say Ready to Eat, Cooked, Fully Cooked, or any equivalent expression. Canned or hermetically sealed items are also acceptable. Some examples of these products include:

Pet Food

Cooked kibble and/or canned pet food with avian ingredients can be imported, regardless of outbreak status.

Live birds

Live pet birds are still permitted into Canada with official certification from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Contact the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) for more information on restricted areas.

Hunted game birds

Carcasses of hunted wild game birds originating from the United States are still permitted into Canada with a hunting permit.

What is not allowed

Any fresh, raw, or unprocessed poultry products or by-products from a state currently experiencing an outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza and/or Newcastle Disease. This also includes any items that are not consumer prepackaged, such as products from a roadside stand or small farm. Some examples of restricted items include:

Important Definitions

Fresh
Food that is not canned, cured, dehydrated, frozen or otherwise processed or preserved. Poultry products that have not been treated by any means, other than by refrigeration, vacuum packaging or modified atmosphere packaging to ensure their preservation, may be called "fresh".

Prepackaged
Packaged in a container in the manner in which the food is ordinarily sold to or used or purchased by a person.

Ready to Eat
The meat product does not require further preparing before consumption except washing or thawing or exposing it to sufficient heat to warm it without cooking it.

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