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Biosecurity for Dairy Herds

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Biosecurity is becoming increasingly important to the Canadian dairy sector, which continues to evolve toward fewer, larger farms with high-producing animals. This sector provides Canadians with wholesome milk and dairy products, and is also the source of valuable genetics for the international marketing of semen and embryos.

Bovine diseases

The global emergence and re-emergence of bovine diseases in recent years has had a major impact on the cattle industry, both within Canada and abroad. Outbreaks of contagious diseases such as Foot and Mouth Disease in cattle in other countries have resulted in significant economic losses for cattle industries, as well as animal health and environmental concerns. These kinds of incidents emphasize the need for a comprehensive, coordinated approach to bovine biosecurity.

Led by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), federal, provincial and territorial governments are continuously collaborating with industry and the public to implement and augment bovine biosecurity programs aimed at reducing disease transmission and protecting the interests of Canadians.

Sources of bovine diseases

Disease in dairy cattle and other bovine animals can be spread in a number of ways, including:

Biosecurity principles for dairy herds

Some of the basic biosecurity principles for the dairy sector include:

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