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The Establishment-based Risk Assessment model for Hatcheries

In a world of changing risks, innovation and new technologies, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is adapting to be more efficient and responsive. Risk-based decision making is at the core of the Agency's everyday work.

The CFIA has been evolving the way we manage risk, to further support industry's ability to compete globally, and embracing technology to provide more efficient and responsive services.

The Establishment-based Risk Assessment Model for Hatcheries (ERA-H model) is a tool developed by the CFIA to evaluate hatcheries based on the level of Salmonella spp. risk they represent to Canadian consumers. The ERA-H model uses data and a mathematical algorithm to assess the food safety risks of hatcheries under CFIA's jurisdiction. It takes into consideration risks associated with different types of birds and specific operation processes, mitigation strategies implemented by the industry to control their food safety risks, as well as hatchery compliance information. The ERA-H model is used, along with other factors, to inform where inspectors should spend more or less time and inform program planning, in order to focus efforts on areas of highest risk.

How the Establishment-based Risk Assessment model for Hatcheries works

The ERA-H model uses scientific data and hatchery specific information gathered from questionnaires provided to regulated parties by inspectors in order to evaluate a hatchery and determine a hatchery's level of risk. How often an inspection occurs is being guided by where a hatchery falls in the risk categories assigned by the ERA-H model. Higher risk hatcheries require more oversight while lower risk hatcheries require less oversight.

Using collaboration and innovation

The ERA-H model was developed by CFIA staff in collaboration with experts from academia, industry and other government departments. The development of the model also drew upon the experience acquired while developing the ERA model for food establishments.

The ERA-H model has already garnered attention on the international stage. Indeed, scientific journals dedicated to publishing the latest research on food safety and risk analysis such as Zoonoses and Public Health and Foodborne Pathogens and Disease have published articles detailing the development steps of CFIA's ERA-H model.


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