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Forward Regulatory Plan: 2021 to 2023
Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations, Part XV (livestock identification and traceability)

Description of the objective

Animal traceability is the ability to follow an animal through all stages of its life, with the objective of mitigating the impact from a disease outbreak or food safety issue. To support the ability to trace animals, requirements to identify bison, cattle, sheep and pigs, and to report the movement of pigs are already included under Part XV of the Health of Animals Regulations.

This regulatory proposal would amend Part XV of the Health of Animals Regulations to include requirements to identify goats and cervids (for example, farmed deer and elk). It would also introduce the requirement to report the domestic movement of cattle, bison, sheep, goats, and cervids. Finally, it would require the identification of premises where livestock is kept, and reduce the required time period to report the movement, slaughter and disposal of livestock. By requiring more complete and accurate traceability information, this regulatory proposal would enable a more effective and timely response to disease outbreaks and food safety issues, and would improve support for disease surveillance activities.

A traceability system contributes to food safety outcomes from a gate-to-plate perspective and would be compatible with livestock identification and movement reporting requirements adopted by provincial and territorial governments. This would ultimately have the effect of supporting market access.

Enabling act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There would be business impacts. The affected stakeholders include the livestock industry, government, and Responsible Administrators (third-parties). The "One-for-One" rule and the Small Business Lens would apply.

Significant positive impacts with respect to international trade in the event of disease outbreaks are anticipated.

CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Coordination with provincial and territorial governments has been undertaken to ensure regulatory consistency. Preliminary consultation with the United States Department of Agriculture has shown no trade issue with the proposed amendments.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in summer 2021. A public comment period of 90 days will be available for Canadians, other interested parties, and the World Trade Organization (WTO) to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

CFIA conducted 2 rounds of public consultations: the first in 2013, and the second in 2015. Engagement activities were targeted towards national and provincial industry associations (representing bison, cattle, sheep, goat, deer, elk and pork producers); associations representing auctions, assembly yards, abattoirs and rendering plants; and provincial/territorial governments. CFIA engagement continues with industry sectors to prepare for publication in Canada Gazette, Part I.

Departmental contact

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2015 to 2017 update.

For more information

Consult CFIA's acts and regulations web page for:

Consult the following for links to the Cabinet Directive on Regulation and supporting policies and guidance, and for information on government-wide regulatory initiatives implemented by departments and agencies across the Government of Canada:

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit:

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