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CFIA Forward Regulatory Plan: 2022 to 2024

This Forward Regulatory Plan (FRP) provides information on regulatory proposals that the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) aims to propose or finalize in the next 2 years through:

The Forward Regulatory Plan may also include regulatory initiatives that are planned to come forward over a longer time frame. Comments or enquiries can be made using the contact information included with each regulatory initiative.

On this page

Regulatory initiatives

The following is a list of regulatory initiatives that CFIA plans to propose or finalize between 2022 and 2024. These initiatives are associated with the Regulatory Stock Review Plan.

Proposals under the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act

Proposals under the CFIA Fees Notice

Proposals under the Feeds Act

Proposals under the Food and Drugs Act

Proposals under the Health of Animals Act

Proposals under the Plant Breeders' Rights Act

Proposals under the Plant Protection Act

Proposals under the Safe Food for Canadians Act

Proposals under the Seeds Act

Proposed regulations amending several regulations administered by CFIA

Proposals under the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act

Amendments to the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations (hatchery)

Description of the objective

Administrative monetary penalties are one of several enforcement options available for CFIA to respond to non-compliance. Amendments to the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations are being proposed to introduce administrative monetary penalties for failure to comply with certain requirements of the proposed amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations for hatchery.

Enabling act

Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There are no business impacts or direct costs expected as a result of the proposed regulatory amendment. Administrative monetary penalties are only used as an enforcement tool, when necessary, to respond to instances of non-compliance.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

This initiative is a companion amendment to the proposed amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations for hatchery. Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be published in the Canada Gazette, Part II in fall 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2021 to 2023 FRP.

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Amendments to the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations (miscellaneous amendment regulations) – Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations

Description of the objective

Administrative monetary penalties are one of several enforcement options for the CFIA to respond to non-compliance. The amendments to the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations would be updated to reflect changes being made to the Health of Animals Regulations and the Plant Protection Regulations to address issues raised by the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations (SJCSR). One additional amendment is consequential to the Plant Protection Act amendments published on November 27, 2015. Other proposed amendments include repealing an item associated with the Safe Food for Canadians Act, and expanding the method of payment options to include credit cards and electronics fund transfers (EFTs).

Enabling act

Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There are no business impacts or direct costs expected as a result of the regulatory amendment.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

This initiative is a companion amendment to the Miscellaneous Amendment Regulations Amending the Health of Animals Regulations, the Plant Protection Regulations and the Seeds Regulations. Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these amendments will be published in the Canada Gazette, Part II in winter 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2019 to 2021 FRP.

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Proposals under the CFIA Fees Notice

Amendments to the CFIA Fees Notice (Part 4 – aligning the feeds fees with the Feeds Regulations, 2023)

Description of the objective

These amendments would align the service descriptions and fees under Part 4 of the CFIA Fees Notice with the proposed Feeds Regulations, 2023. This would be carried out in 2 stages to coincide with the publication of the regulations (anticipated for spring 2023) and the delayed coming into force of the proposed licensing requirements (18 months after publication).

The first stage of amendments would align the service descriptions for feeds with the proposed Feeds Regulations, 2023 only. No changes would be made to the remaining fees and no new fees would be introduced as a part of this first stage of amendments. The second stage of amendments would propose a new licensing fee and licence renewal fee in order for CFIA to implement the new licensing regime under the regulations.

Enabling act

Canadian Food Inspection Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There would be business impacts, as there would be new fees introduced for issuing and renewing a licence. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the full impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

Public consultation is not required for the first stage of amendments as there would be no impacts on industry or the public as a result of these changes. It is anticipated the first stage of amendments will be published as final in the Canada Gazette, Part I in spring 2023.

Stakeholders were consulted on the new licensing regime throughout the consultative process for the Feeds Regulations, 2023. CFIA will continue to engage stakeholders on these proposed fees for licensing and licence renewals prior to their publication. It is anticipated that this second stage of amendments will be published as final in the Canada Gazette, Part I in spring 2024.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2022 to 2024 FRP.

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Amendments to the CFIA Fees Notice (Part 5 – fertilizer service descriptions)

Description of the objective

The modernized Fertilizers Regulations, which were published in October 2020, require that CFIA be notified and approve changes being made to a registered product (the label, chemical composition or ingredients) only if the changes impact the identity of the product as a fertilizer or supplement, its safety or its use (registration amendments). Other changes can be made without notifying the Agency, which significantly reduces burden on regulated parties and CFIA.

The current fertilizer service descriptions and their associated fees are not prescribed in the regulations; rather they are housed in the CFIA Fees Notice. The existing descriptions are very restrictive and thus not aligned with the intent of the modernized Fertilizers Regulations.

Amendments to the service descriptions (not the actual fees) would reflect burden reductions offered by the regulatory amendments made in 2020. They would also repeal fees associated with efficacy reviews and remove the concept of temporary registrations, as these services are no longer offered by CFIA.

Enabling act

Canadian Food Inspection Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

Impacts were assessed as part of the Fertilizer Modernization initiative. Therefore, no further business impacts or direct costs are expected as a result of these amendments. The changes to Part 5 of the CFIA Fees Notice would align the service fee descriptions with the modernized Fertilizer Regulations and do not introduce any incremental cost or burden on regulated parties or the CFIA.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

Stakeholder feedback was collected throughout the consultative process for the fertilizer regulatory modernization initiative, including through industry working groups, annual stakeholder meetings, online consultation, and the public comment period following Canada Gazette, Part I pre-publication of the Fertilizer Regulations. Throughout these engagements, stakeholders were supportive of limiting the triggers that require a registration amendment. It is anticipated that these amendments will be published as final in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2021 to 2023 FRP.

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Amendments to the CFIA Fees Notice (Part 10 - meat products inspection fees)

Description of the objective

The CFIA charges certain fees for inspections and work shifts at meat establishments depending on the activities identified in an operators licence. Amendments to Part 10 of the CFIA Fees Notice would clarify which licensable activities require the application of the fees listed in Table 1 (meat product inspection fees) and Table 2 (annual fees per work shift).

Enabling act

Canadian Food Inspection Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these amendments will be published as final in the Canada Gazette, Part I in summer 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2022 to 2024 FRP.

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Amendments to the CFIA Fees Notice (Part 11 – aligning the service fees for hatcheries with the Health of Animals Regulations)

Description of the objective

Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (HAR) were published on November 9, 2022 that modernize and consolidate the requirements for licensing and operating poultry establishments in Canada. As a result of these amendments, updates are required to align the service descriptions and fees under Part 11 of the CFIA Fees Notice with the HAR.

This proposal is being carried out in 2 stages, the first of which was published on November 12, 2022 to coincide with the publication of the HAR amendments. The first stage aligned the service descriptions for hatcheries with the HAR amendments and repealed fees associated with services that are no longer offered by CFIA. No changes were made to the remaining fees and no new fees were introduced as a part of this first stage of amendments.

The second stage of amendments would seek to introduce a licence renewal fee in order for CFIA to implement the new licensing regime under the HAR. These proposed amendments would be made following the HAR 12-month transition period.

Enabling act

Canadian Food Inspection Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There would be no business impacts as a result of the first stage of amendments as these changes would only align the service descriptions with the proposed HAR requirements for hatcheries and repeal fees for certain services no longer offered by CFIA.

There would be business impacts as a result of the second stage of amendments. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

Public consultation was not required for the first stage of amendments as there were no impacts on industry or the public as a result of these changes. The first stage of amendments were published as final in the Canada Gazette, Part I on November 12, 2022.

Stakeholders will be consulted on the second stage of amendments to the fees throughout CFIA's review process and once the new HAR requirements for hatchery come into effect. It is anticipated that these amendments will be published as final in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2024.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@ inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2022 to 2024 FRP.

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Amendments to the CFIA Fees Notice (Part 11 – service fees related to the emergency transit of regulated animals)

Description of the objective

On June 9, 2021, regulatory amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (HAR) were made to allow regulated animals to transit through Canada and the United States during emergency situations (for example, when an area must be evacuated urgently and routine transportation routes in the country of origin are obstructed without any feasible alternatives) with simplified requirements.

Charging the current fees in emergency situations for established import and export activities would not align with the intention of the amendments that have been made to the HAR. In order to reduce impacts on businesses during an emergency situation, these amendments would seek to align the fees in the CFIA Fees Notice associated with the emergency transit of regulated animals with the intent of the amendments made to the HAR.

Enabling act

Canadian Food Inspection Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

These amendments would aim to reduce the negative impacts on Canadians, including businesses, during emergency situations. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes, however it is anticipated that there would be no business impacts as a result of these amendments.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

Public consultation is not required as there would be no impact on industry and the public during an emergency situation as a result of these amendments. It is anticipated that the proposed amendments will be published as final in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2022 to 2024 FRP.

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Proposals under the Feeds Act

Feeds Regulations, 2023

Description of the objective

These proposed regulations, which were pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I on June 12, 2021, would modernize the Feeds Regulations, 1983 in order to reduce overlap and redundancy; increase responsiveness to industry changes; and address gaps, weaknesses and inconsistencies. The proposed regulations would also provide more clarity, flexibility and transparency to affected regulated parties.

Minimizing the risks associated with livestock feeds manufactured in or imported into Canada is one of the principal anticipated outcomes of the proposal. Feed is an integral component that underpins food production in Canada. Safe and effective feeds contribute to the production of healthy livestock and safe foods of animal origin for human consumption.

The proposed regulations would move towards an approach that is less prescriptive and more focused on the overall health and safety outcomes of the system. Under this proposed approach, feed operators would be required to conduct hazard identification and put in place preventive controls and good manufacturing practices to address risks posed by identified hazards. It would also introduce a strong, more transparent feed ingredient assessment and authorization process to support a safe and competitive feed supply chain. The proposal would permit the consideration and adoption of ingredient authorization processes and decisions of other jurisdictions to reduce burden and promote market access.

Amendments to the CFIA Fees Notice, Part 4 - feeds fees, would also be made to align with these changes.

Enabling act

Feeds Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There would be business impacts. The affected stakeholders include commercial feed manufacturers, ingredient manufacturers, on-farm feed manufactures, feed retailers/distributors, importers and exporters, and industry associations.

The "One-for-One" rule and the Small Business Lens would apply. The proposed regulations would support the protection of public health as well as animal health, reduce feed safety risks for animals and consumers, and create a level playing field for the feed industry. Other benefits include increased international and domestic regulatory alignment, a consistent and more effective feed safety approach to inspection and oversight by CFIA, and an enhanced reputation for Canada as a global feed safety leader.

CFIA would include a delayed coming into force and transitional provisions to assist industry readiness.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

The proposed regulations reflect internationally recognized standards and management-based requirements, including good manufacturing practices. This has the effect of better aligning Canadian feed requirements with those of our trading partners.

Domestically, CFIA is working to align the proposed regulations with the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations wherever possible. This will provide for a consistent regulatory and enforcement approach across CFIA.

CFIA is working to stay informed of feed regulatory requirements in the United States and is working to align Canadian requirements wherever possible to facilitate future regulatory cooperation efforts. This has been identified as a potential regulatory cooperation project under the Canada – United States Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC). CFIA is also considering European Union animal feed safety standards and requirements as part of the regulatory development process.

Public consultation opportunities

The proposed regulations were pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I on June 12, 2021. A public comment period of 126 days was available for Canadians, other interested parties and the World Trade Organization (WTO) to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal. CFIA has completed its analysis of all comments received during the Canada Gazette, Part I public consultation period and is making the appropriate changes to the regulatory package. A "what we heard" report is being developed and will be published on the CFIA's website in fall 2022.

CFIA previously completed cross-country consultations in spring 2016 with affected stakeholders, followed by further targeted online consultations regarding technical documents to be incorporated by reference. Another consultation occurred in fall of 2020 on the proposed changes and economic impacts.

It is anticipated the proposed amendments will be published in the Canada Gazette, Part II in spring 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2014 to 2016 FRP.

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Proposals under the Food and Drugs Act

Amendments to the Food and Drug Regulations (creating an agile framework for compositional standards)

Description of the objective

The way in which the current food compositional standards are structured under the Food and Drugs Act and Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) is not responsive to changes in technology or consumer demand. This can prevent or slow industry innovation.

CFIA proposes to address this issue by using incorporation by reference to allow food compositional standards to be maintained and updated in a transparent, timely and efficient manner.

The incorporation by reference of FDR food standards was included in the three phases of the Food Labelling Modernization consultations in 2013, 2014 and 2016 to 2017. This also included a notification to the World Trade Organization.

This amendment is being developed in collaboration with Health Canada's "Modernize food regulations to enable innovative and safe foods for Canadians" initiative and is intended to use modern regulatory tools to help foster industry innovation while also protecting consumers from deception and enabling more informed purchasing decisions.

Enabling act

Food and Drugs Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There would be no immediate impact on Canadians since this regulatory amendment would not result in a change to the compositional standards. The amendment would result in a more agile regulatory structure that would allow the CFIA to respond to industry and consumer requests for change in a more efficient manner.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

This regulatory amendment would contribute to domestic and international cooperation efforts by facilitating subsequent alignment of Canada's compositional standards with international standard setting bodies and major trading partners.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that the proposed amendment will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in spring 2023. A public comment period will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2013 to 2018 update as part of the Food Labelling Modernization initiative but was removed in 2019. This initiative was included as a separate initiative in CFIA's 2020 to 2022 FRP and is proceeding in sync with Health Canada's "Modernize food regulations to enable innovative and safe foods for Canadians" initiative.

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Proposals under the Health of Animals Act

Amendments to the Compensation for Destroyed Animals Regulations (Schedule – regulated maximum amounts for bison)

Description of the objective

The proposed amendments to the Compensation for Destroyed Animals Regulations (CDAR), which were pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I on July 10, 2021, would revise the maximum monetary compensation amounts for bison ordered destroyed to reflect the current market value for bulls – 1 year and older – and all other bison. The objective of the CDAR is to encourage prompt reporting in the event of a disease outbreak. The new maximum compensation amounts represent the highest payment that the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food can authorize under the CDAR. The actual amount of compensation to be paid to an owner or producer is calculated based on the current market value of the animal at the time it is ordered destroyed minus the value of its carcass, and not exceeding the maximum amount prescribed in the CDAR. These amounts were last reviewed in 2007.

Enabling act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

Under the Health of Animals Act, CFIA may order the destruction of animals or things affected by a disease. Such an order, while unfortunate and difficult for all concerned, is often necessary to keep humans and other animals safe, and to keep export markets open. CFIA is dedicated to working directly with affected producers so that the compensation process runs as smoothly as possible.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

This initiative is an amendment to the maximum compensation values in cases where bison affected by a federally regulated disease are ordered destroyed. Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

These proposed amendments were pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I on July 10, 2021. A public comment period of 75 days was made available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal. It is anticipated that the proposed amendments will be published in the Canada Gazette, Part II in winter 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2019 to 2021 FRP.

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Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (cross-border transport biosecurity protocol)

Description of the objective

The Health of Animals Regulations contain biosecurity requirements for the cleaning and disinfection of certain livestock and poultry conveyances prior to entry into Canada. Cleaning and disinfection of conveyances represent one way to prevent the introduction of foreign, new and emerging animal diseases into Canada. Under the current regulations, conveyances used to transport swine and poultry to the United States must be cleaned and disinfected prior to returning to Canada.

The proposed regulatory amendments would provide flexibility to industry by allowing specific vehicles which have transported Canadian swine to the United States to be cleaned and disinfected in Canada upon their return if they are registered in a CFIA-approved third-party program that control biosecurity risks. The aim of the amendment is to continue to prevent incursions of disease while accommodating industry by allowing flexibility in how this is achieved.

These regulatory amendments are contingent on legislative amendments to the Health of Animals Act, which are required to provide CFIA with the authority to approve a program administered by a third party for specified purposes, such as preventing the introduction or spread of a vector, disease or toxic substance.

Enabling act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There may be business impacts. The "One-for-One" rule and the Small Business Lens may apply. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Provincial governments of Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan have been involved in the development of the proposal.

Public consultation opportunities

A Notice of Intent (NOI) to amend the Health of Animals Regulations was published on June 10, 2019. Positive feedback on the notice has been received from industry as well as from the province of Manitoba.

This initiative is dependent on legislative amendments to the Health of Animals Act. As a result, it is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be published in the Canada Gazette, Part II in winter 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2017 to 2019 update.

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Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations, Part XV (livestock identification and traceability)

Description of the objective

Animal traceability is the ability to follow an animal through all stages of its life, with the objective of mitigating the impact from a disease outbreak or food safety issue. To support the ability to trace animals, requirements to identify bison, cattle, sheep and pigs, and to report the movement of pigs are already included under Part XV of the Health of Animals Regulations.

This regulatory proposal would amend Part XV of the Health of Animals Regulations to include requirements to identify goats and cervids (for example, farmed deer and elk). It would also introduce the requirement to report the domestic movement of cattle, bison, sheep, goats, and cervids. Finally, it would require the identification of premises where livestock is kept, and reduce the time period required to report the movement, slaughter and disposal of livestock. By requiring more complete and accurate traceability information, this regulatory proposal would enable a more effective and timely response to disease outbreaks and food safety issues, and would improve support for disease surveillance activities.

A traceability system contributes to food safety outcomes from a gate-to-plate perspective and would be compatible with livestock identification and movement reporting requirements adopted by provincial and territorial governments. This would ultimately have the effect of supporting market access.

Enabling act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There would be business impacts. The affected stakeholders include the livestock industry, government, and Responsible Administrators (third parties). The "One-for-One" rule and the Small Business Lens would apply.

Significant positive impacts with respect to international trade in the event of disease outbreaks are anticipated.

CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Coordination with provincial and territorial governments has been undertaken to ensure regulatory consistency. Preliminary consultation with the United States Department of Agriculture has shown no trade issue with the proposed amendments.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2023. A public comment period of 90 days will be available for Canadians, other interested parties, and the World Trade Organization (WTO) to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

CFIA conducted two rounds of public consultations: the first in 2013, and the second in 2015. Engagement activities were targeted towards national and provincial industry associations (representing bison, cattle, sheep, goat, deer, elk and pork producers); associations representing auctions, assembly yards, abattoirs and rendering plants; and provincial/territorial governments. CFIA engagement continues with industry sectors to prepare for pre-publication in the Canada Gazette, Part I.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2015 to 2017 update.

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Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (aligning Canada's regulations with international standards on pet food)

Description of the objective

The Health of Animals Regulations regulates importing pet food for non-commercial use. However, the CFIA has received messages from the public stating that the requirements are confusing and inconsistent.

Currently, the regulations allow individuals to feed their pet with pet food containing specified risk material under certain conditions. However, the World Organisation for Animal Health's (WOAH; founded as Office International des Épizooties (OIE)) international standard on specified risk material does not allow specified risk material in pet food under any circumstances.

Further to this, travellers arriving to Canada from the United States must have their pet present if they want to import pet food for non-commercial use without a zoosanitary certificate. This requirement acts as a barrier to the free movement of goods between the United States and Canada, and is not science-based.

These proposed amendments would align the HAR with the WOAH international standard for pet food and allow travellers entering Canada from the United States to import pet food for non-commercial use without needing a zoosanitary certificate or their pet present.

Enabling act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

These amendments would strengthen Canada's position with trading partners by aligning with international standards. They would also reduce trade barriers between the United States and Canada, as the United States does not require a pet present when a person imports personal amounts of pet food from Canada.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in 2023. A public comment period will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2022 to 2024 FRP.

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Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (improving regulatory agility in international waste management)

Description of the objective

The current Health of Animals Regulations (HAR) prevent regulated parties in airline and shipping industries from leveraging alternative technologies for disposing of certain waste accumulated on vessels and aircraft in transit to Canada. Specifically, the regulations require these industries to incinerate, heat-treat and/or place in a landfill international aircraft garbage and certain ship waste containing or suspected of containing animal products and animal by-products.

This proposal would create flexibility in international waste disposal requirements by adding a more outcome-based approach that would allow industry to adopt different technologies. Regulated parties would need to demonstrate, based on scientific evidence, the efficacy of the alternative technology in mitigating risks to Canada's animal health resource base in order to gain the requisite CFIA approval to use the technology.

Amendments to the Health of Animals Act are needed first to obtain the required regulatory-making authorities. Regulatory changes can only occur after legislative amendments are made.

Enabling act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The CFIA is currently conducting further analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

These amendments would better align Canada with its major international trading partners, such as the United States, who already permit the use of approved alternative technologies for handling regulated garbage.

Public consultation opportunities

Once the legislative authorities are secured, the CFIA will begin stakeholder engagement activities for the proposed regulatory amendments.

Contingent on legislative amendments to the Health of Animals Act, it is anticipated that these proposed amendments to the HAR will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in 2024. A public comment period will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2022 to 2024 FRP.

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Proposals under the Plant Breeders' Rights Act

Amendments to the Plant Breeders' Rights Regulations

Description of the objective

The proposed amendments to the Plant Breeders' Rights Regulations would improve accessibility to the intellectual property framework, support a self-sustaining funding model for program delivery, and encourage greater investment and innovation in Canada's agriculture, horticulture, and ornamental sectors.

Plant Breeders' Rights are a form of intellectual property rights by which plant breeders can protect their new varieties in the same way an inventor protects a new invention with a patent. The legislative framework is designed to encourage increased investment in plant breeding in Canada and foster greater accessibility to foreign seed varieties for farmers. Modernizing Canada's plant variety intellectual property regime is a key element in growing and diversifying Canada's trade of agricultural commodities, both domestically and for export markets internationally.

This regulatory initiative would move forward following the outcome of discussions with the Plant Breeders' Rights Advisory Committee and consultations with the stakeholder community.

Enabling act

Plant Breeders' Rights Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There may be business impacts. The "One-for-One" rule and the Small Business Lens may apply. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

While not part of a formal regulatory cooperation agenda, CFIA has reached out to provincial and territorial partners to inform the development of this regulatory proposal.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2024. A public comment period will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2017 to 2019 FRP.

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Proposals under the Plant Protection Act

Amendments to the Plant Protection Regulations (Newfoundland Quarantine Protocol)

Description of the objective

This proposed regulatory amendment would support a re-design of the Newfoundland Quarantine Program using a comprehensive risk-based approach. In Newfoundland, movement is currently restricted to four ports that are specified in the regulations (Cornerbrook, Argentia, St. John's, and Port aux Basques). It is therefore prohibited to move a high-risk article outside these identified areas.

This proposal would permit the use of movement certificates for high-risk articles, such as used vehicles and equipment that could be, or are found to be, infested as a result of contact with soil. Inspection and cleaning of high risk articles would be moved inland and away from the ports, enabling more efficient and effective loading at the terminals. These proposed changes would align the province of Newfoundland and Labrador with other areas of Canada that are regulated for the same pests using other regulatory tools.

Enabling act

Plant Protection Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There may be business impacts. The "One-for-One" rule and the Small Business Lens may apply. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

The proposed changes are to align domestic regulatory requirements; therefore, regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2024. A public comment period will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

CFIA also plans to consult with the provinces and territories on how the proposed amendments would continue to protect Canada's plant resource base from the spread of soil borne pests present in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2017 to 2019 update.

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Amendments to the Plant Protection Regulations (updating regulatory measures and tools for plant pests)

Description of the objective

The proposed amendments to the Plant Protection Regulations (PPR) would enhance alignment with CFIA's current program management approaches and provide greater flexibility to stakeholders. Specifically, this proposal would seek to remove or update the movement restrictions for some plant pests in Schedules I and II of the PPR, and remove certain hard-copy requirements.

Additionally, the proposal would incorporate by reference Schedules I and II of the PPR to allow the list of regulated pests to be maintained and updated in a transparent, timely and efficient manner.

These proposed amendments would strengthen compliance management by allowing CFIA to take prompt and effective responses to non-compliances, while also supporting flexibility in program delivery.

Enabling act

Plant Protection Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes, however it is anticipated that the business impacts would be positive as a result of the regulatory amendments.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2023. A public comment period will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2022 to 2024 FRP.

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Proposals under the Safe Food for Canadians Act

Amendments to the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations (Part 3 - Licences)

Description of the objective

The proposed amendments would aim to clarify the work shift requirements under Part 3-Licences in the Safe Food for Canadian Regulations for food businesses that process, treat, preserve, manufacture, package, label or store meat. These amendments would permit CFIA to have the authority to implement a more outcome-based oversight of these types of activities by providing flexibility to the work shift requirements when inspection oversight is not required.

Enabling act

Safe Food for Canadians Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

Some businesses could be impacted. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in winter 2024. A public comment period will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2022 to 2024 FRP.

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Proposals under the Seeds Act

Amendments to the Seeds Regulations (seed modernization)

Description of the objective

These proposed amendments would modernize the Seeds Regulations as they apply to seeds that are imported, conditioned, stored, tested, labelled, exported and sold in Canada. The proposed amendments would reduce overlap and redundancy; increase responsiveness to industry changes; address gaps, weaknesses and inconsistencies; and provide clarity and flexibility to affected regulated parties.

The Seeds Regulations regulate seeds and seed potatoes in Canada that are sold, imported, or exported, as well as seeds released into the environment. Seeds and seed potatoes must meet established standards for quality and be labelled so that they are properly represented in the marketplace. Varieties of most major agricultural field crops must be registered prior to import or sale of seed.

Enabling act

Seeds Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There may be business impacts. The "One-for-One" rule and the Small Business Lens may apply. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

While not part of a formal regulatory cooperation agenda, CFIA will reach out to provincial, territorial and international trading partners to inform the development of this regulatory proposal.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these proposed amendments will be pre-published in the Canada Gazette, Part I in fall 2024. A public comment period will be available for Canadians and other interested parties to provide feedback on the regulatory proposal.

CFIA will consult a broad range of stakeholders representing the full value chain regarding any proposed amendments. Consultations on proposed amendments may include the role of government and industry in terms of public-private partnerships for functions such as variety registration, seed standards and seed certifications.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2017 to 2019 update.

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Proposed regulations amending several regulations administered by CFIA

Miscellaneous amendment regulations amending the Health of Animals Regulations, the Plant Protection Regulations, and the Seeds Regulations – Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations

Description of the objective

These amendments would address outstanding concerns from the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations respecting regulations pursuant to the Plant Protection Act, the Health of Animals Act and the Seeds Act. The most common issues identified by the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations include: lack of clarity, lack of enabling authority, misalignment between the English and French versions of the regulatory texts, and inconsistent use of terminology. Additional miscellaneous amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations and to the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations are also included in this proposal.

Enabling act

Plant Protection Act, Health of Animals Act, Seeds Act and Safe Food for Canadians Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There are no business impacts or direct costs expected as a result of the proposed regulatory amendment.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

This proposal addresses concerns from the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations and corrects discrepancies noted in various regulations; regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

It is anticipated that these amendments will be published in the Canada Gazette, Part II in winter 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2016 to 2018 FRP.

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Repeal of the Hatchery Exclusion Regulations

Description of the objective

Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (HAR) were published on November 9, 2022 that modernize and consolidate the requirements for licensing and operating poultry establishments in Canada, including those formerly prescribed under the Hatchery Regulations (repealed) and the Hatchery Exclusion Regulations, into a single part of the HAR. As a result of these changes, the Hatchery Exclusion Regulations will be repealed following the 12-month transitional period for the HAR amendments.

Enabling act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There may be business impacts, which are anticipated to be positive and the "One-for-One" rule will apply.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Regulatory cooperation is not applicable in this context.

Public consultation opportunities

Public consultation is not required as the business impacts are expected to be positive as a result of the repeal of the Hatchery Exclusion Regulations. These regulations will be repealed in November 2023.

Departmental contact

cfia.legislation-legislation.acia@inspection.gc.ca

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2014 to 2016 FRP.

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Recent regulatory amendments

Additional information

Consult CFIA's acts and regulations web page for:

Consult the following for links to the Cabinet Directive on Regulation and supporting policies and guidance, and for information on government-wide regulatory initiatives implemented by departments and agencies across the Government of Canada:

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit:

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