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Forward Regulatory Plan: 2021 to 2023
Amendments to the Health of Animals Regulations (cross-border transport biosecurity protocol)

Description of the objective

The Health of Animals Regulations contain biosecurity requirements which require the cleaning and disinfection of certain livestock and poultry conveyances prior to entry into Canada. Cleaning and disinfection of conveyances represent one way to prevent the introduction of foreign, new and emerging animal diseases into Canada. Cleaning, disinfection and drying is a proven method for the reduction of risk associated with the transmission of disease. Biosecurity and disease prevention is a shared responsibility between government and industry.

This proposed regulatory amendment would accommodate industry by allowing flexibility so that specific vehicles which have transported Canadian swine to the United States may be cleaned and disinfected in Canada upon their return. They must be registered in a third-party program that controls the circumstances under which this may occur. The aim of the amendment is to continue to prevent incursions of disease while accommodating industry by allowing flexibility in how this is achieved.

Amendments to the Health of Animals Act are needed in order to provide CFIA with the authority to approve a program administered by a third party for the purposes of preventing such things as the introduction or spread of a vector, disease or toxic substance.

Enabling act

Health of Animals Act

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

There may be business impacts. The "One-for-One" rule and the Small Business Lens may apply. CFIA is currently conducting analysis on the impact of the proposed changes.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic, international)

Provincial governments of Ontario, Québec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan have been involved in the development of the proposal.

Public consultation opportunities

A Notice of Intent (NOI) to amend the Health of Animals Regulations was published on June 10, 2019. Positive feedback on the notice has been received from industry as well as from the province of Manitoba.

Dependent on legislative amendments to the Health of Animals Act, it is anticipated these proposed amendments will be published as final in the Canada Gazette, Part II in fall 2021.

CFIA along with the Canadian Council of Chief Veterinary Officers, provinces (ON, QC, MB and SK) and provincial and national industry association partners established a Cross Border Biosecurity Working Group in 2016 to develop regulatory and policy options for mitigating the risk of disease introduction through contaminated transport conveyances, for all hazards and all livestock and poultry species from a national perspective.

In order to meet its Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) transparency obligations, CFIA will notify the United States and Mexico of this proposed regulatory change through the World Trade Organization (WTO) mechanism and provide an opportunity for the United States and Mexico to comment and have their comments taken into account. A revised NOI will be published and included as a part of this notification.

Departmental contact

Date the regulatory initiative was first included in the FRP

This initiative was first included in the 2017 to 2019 update.

For more information

Consult CFIA's acts and regulations web page for:

Consult the following for links to the Cabinet Directive on Regulation and supporting policies and guidance, and for information on government-wide regulatory initiatives implemented by departments and agencies across the Government of Canada:

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit:

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